Te Rangi Hiroa

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Te Rangi Hiroa


(English name Peter Henry Buck). Born Aug. 15, 1880, in Urenui, New Zealand; died Dec. 1, 1951, in Honolulu, Hawaii. New Zealand scholar and public figure. A leader of the national Maori movement.

Te Rangi Hiroa joined the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, in Honolulu, in 1927 as a research worker in ethnology and became the museum’s director in 1936. He published several works dealing with the history, sociology, ethnography, and archaeology of Polynesia.


An Introduction to Polynesian Anthropology. Honolulu, 1945.
The Coming of the Maori. Wellington, 1949.
Explorers of the Pacific. Honolulu, 1953.
In Russian translation:
Moreplavatelisolnechnogo voskhoda. Moscow, 1959.
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In a letter written in 1931 to his friend, Te Rangi Hiroa (Sir Peter Buck) at the Bishop Museum, Ngata noted:
Two years later, again in a letter to Te Rangi Hiroa, he described tribal life as a core around which economic success would be woven:
Praising the success of this project in 1940, Te Rangi Hiroa commented;
Te Rangi Hiroa (Buck, Sir P) (1987) The Coming of the Maori, Wellington: Whitcoulls.
30] And Te Rangi Hiroa (Sir Peter Buck) strongly reaffirmed the view that Cook's 100,000 estimate fell far short, his "very rough guess" missing great numbers in coast and interior.
Internal migrations apart, a comparison of Forster' s coastal 100,000 with somewhat higher 1840 totals could indicate that half the inhabited areas escaped Cook's scrutiny, and hinted that Te Rangi Hiroa was right in postulating (if not 400,000) 200,000 at least.
60] Quite apart from the views of Maning and Te Rangi Hiroa, ethnographers such as Best envisaged "villages teeming with humanity," [61] and credited Auckland's One Tree Hill with 5,000, [62] whereas Smith estimated 3,000 for Mount Eden.
If Webster is correct when he argues, in this volume, that hapu were integral to nineteenth century capitalist development in New Zealand and that their transformations responded to wider economic processes then it would seem that the reification of hapu as sub-tribes within a static heirarchy, evident in the writings of Elsdon Best, Te Rangi Hiroa and Apirana Ngata, paralleled and reinforced the traditionalisation of the meeting house.