Te Rangi Hiroa


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Te Rangi Hiroa

 

(English name Peter Henry Buck). Born Aug. 15, 1880, in Urenui, New Zealand; died Dec. 1, 1951, in Honolulu, Hawaii. New Zealand scholar and public figure. A leader of the national Maori movement.

Te Rangi Hiroa joined the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, in Honolulu, in 1927 as a research worker in ethnology and became the museum’s director in 1936. He published several works dealing with the history, sociology, ethnography, and archaeology of Polynesia.

WORKS

An Introduction to Polynesian Anthropology. Honolulu, 1945.
The Coming of the Maori. Wellington, 1949.
Explorers of the Pacific. Honolulu, 1953.
In Russian translation:
Moreplavatelisolnechnogo voskhoda. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In a letter written in 1931 to his friend, Te Rangi Hiroa (Sir Peter Buck) at the Bishop Museum, Ngata noted: You formerly produced canoes, or runanga [council] houses, or crops for some tribal undertaking using such elements.
Two years later, again in a letter to Te Rangi Hiroa, he described tribal life as a core around which economic success would be woven: Land development will help recover the self-respect of the race, besides providing what modern society requires for a decent existence.
Praising the success of this project in 1940, Te Rangi Hiroa commented; I have the firm conviction that the renaissance in building carved tribal houses and the creation of sustained interest in their social importance will help perpetuate loyalty to tribal organisation for years to come (Buck 1940: 9).
Te Rangi Hiroa (Buck, Sir P) (1987) The Coming of the Maori, Wellington: Whitcoulls.
every height and fastness was utilized for defense, when every fertile locality was devoted to cultivation,"[29] and Sir Aparana Ngata asserted that had civilization (despite its drawbacks) not intervened, the "summit of savagery" reached in the early 1 800s threatened the "depopulation of the country."[30] And Te Rangi Hiroa (Sir Peter Buck) strongly reaffirmed the view that Cook's 100,000 estimate fell far short, his "very rough guess" missing great numbers in coast and interior.
Te Rangi Hiroa' s views may have reflected nostalgia for a Maori "golden age," but he left the impression that 200,000 was an irreducible minimum for 1769.
If Webster is correct when he argues, in this volume, that hapu were integral to nineteenth century capitalist development in New Zealand and that their transformations responded to wider economic processes then it would seem that the reification of hapu as sub-tribes within a static heirarchy, evident in the writings of Elsdon Best, Te Rangi Hiroa and Apirana Ngata, paralleled and reinforced the traditionalisation of the meeting house.