Tea Party


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Tea Party,

in the early 21st cent., U.S. political movement that arose in reaction to the economic crisis of 2008 and the government rescue and aid measures for the financial, automobile, and other industries as well as broader stimulus measures enacted in 2008 and 2009. Strongly conservative ideologically, the movement and its members generally opposed the significant deficits incurred by the government in an effort to counteract the recession and avoid a potential depression and, more broadly, objected to increased government control and spending, taxation, and illegal immigration while favoring free-market economics, national debt reduction, states' rights, and a narrow reading of the Constitution. The Tea Party also has strongly opposed the ObamaObama, Barack
(Barack Hussein Obama 2d), , 1961–, 44th president of the United States (2009–17), b. Honolulu, grad. Columbia (B.A. 1983), Harvard Law School (J.D. 1991).
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 administration's health-care insurance overhaul, and has at times had a stridently anti-Obama tone. Usually characterized as a grassroots populist movement, the Tea Party is also supported and financed by a number of influential and well-funded right-wing organizations and has benefited from significant media support from conservative news organizations and commentators, particularly Rupert MurdochMurdoch, Rupert
(Keith Rupert Murdoch), 1931–, Australian-American publishing magnate. Combining sensationalist journalism (often reflective of his generally hawkish, strongly conservative political views) with aggressive promotion, Murdoch established a worldwide
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's Fox News. The movement's adopted name harks back to the 1773 Boston Tea PartyBoston Tea Party,
1773. In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts, had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially
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.

Tea Party rallies were held across the country beginning in early 2009. They have since featured a number of prominent speakers, among them Sarah PalinPalin, Sarah Heath
, 1964–, U.S. politician, b. Sandpoint, Idaho, as Sarah Louise Heath, grad. Univ. of Idaho (B.S. 1987). Her family moved to Alaska not long after she was born.
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, perhaps the most popular Republican aligned with the Tea Party; she also gave the keynote address at the first National Tea Party Convention (Feb., 2010). Despite the convention, the Tea Party is not a monolithic or centralized organization but an amalgamation of a number of national and local groups. In 2012 it was estimated that there were some 1,000 different Tea Party groups spread over the 50 states. Although not an organized party, it has become an important and influential faction of the Republican party, and most Americans who have identified themselves in polls as adherents of the Tea Party have also identified themselves as Republicans. In several primary elections, the Tea Party was credited with toppling a number of prominent traditional Republican candidates in favor of Republicans that it supported; those candidates' successes were more mixed in the 2010 general election, but a third of the Republican House members elected in 2010 were aligned with the movement.

Bibliography

See D. Armey and M. Kibbe, Give Us Liberty: A Tea Party Manifesto (2010); J. Lepore, The Whites of Their Eyes (2010); J. M. O'Hara, A New American Tea Party (2010); K. Zernike, Boiling Mad (2010); E. P. Foley, The Tea Party: Three Principles (2012); R. P. Formisano, The Tea Party (2012); M. Meckler and J. B. Martin, Tea Party Patriots (2012); T. Skoepol and V. Williamson, The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism (2012); C. S. Parker and M. A. Barreto, Change They Can't Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America (2013).

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References in periodicals archive ?
"I'm proud to have been the first MSP to have hosted a Blooming Great Tea Party, inviting people from across Stirling Enterprise Park, where my office is based, to come along and enjoy a cuppa, a cake and a chat.
Your local Marie Curie tea party expert will send you a pack with tips, tricks and fundraising materials to make sure your tea party is a success.
I feel that having a Blooming Great Tea Party each year, and helping to raise funds, may enable someone else to benefit from the care and support that Marie Curie Nurses provide.
"It was great to see so many people get involved in such a great cause over a cuppa and some cake, and we hope we've encouraged lots of people to host their own tea party."
Free marketers at the Cato Institute and elsewhere in the Beltway tried to convince the mainstream media that the Tea Party was only a movement about "economic liberty." Yet it has darker, more menacing elements, weaving together many strands we've seen before in US rightwing politics: conspiricism (Glenn Beck's specialty); free market fundamentalism; opposition to federal regulation and the social safety net as alleged forms of communism; xenophobia; and even militias.
The tea party movement emerged during the first year of President Barack Obama's term to protest the Obama administration's response to the 2008 financial crisis, which included bailouts for major banks and the auto industry, as well as financial aid for homeowners who had filed for bankruptcy or faced foreclosure.
(A bottomless teapot would be a bonus!) Drivers are required for a few hours, once a month, to drive one or two older people to and from the tea party and to enjoy a cuppa themselves.
To register or for tea party inspiration, visit www.mariecurie.org.uk/teaparty You can also follow updates on social media and share photos using #BloomingGreat.
Of course not, that's why the tea party team will also be bringing along their very grand tablecloths, napkins, cake stands and other accessories to fit the vintage part.
Given the perception that the Tea Party has wielded a considerable amount of influence on the Republican Party since its formation, it is important to ascertain just how Tea Party supporters are different from Republicans who do not identify with the Tea Party.
Senate, will serve as the Texas Tea Party chairwoman of his White House run, according to a campaign source.
-- Although the Tea Party has not been as visible in this year's midterm elections as it was in 2010, Tea Party Republicans have given more thought to this year's elections and are much more motivated to vote than are non-Tea Party Republicans or other Americans.