Team Handball


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Handball, Team

 

(Russian, gandbol or ruchnoi miach), a team sport played with a ball. There are two different types of team handball: seven-man (with seven players on each team) and 11-man (with 11 players on each team). Seven-man handball is considered to have originated in Denmark in 1898; its invention is attributed to H. Nielsen. Seven-man handball is normally played in a gymnasium, on a court 40 m by 20 m. The teams try to throw a round inflated ball (425-475 g, with a circumference of 58-60 cm) into a goal 3 m by 2 m, which is protected by a goalie; the players are not allowed inside the 6-meter zone in front of the opponent’s goal. A normal soccer field and the soccer goal are used for 11-man handball. A game consists of two 30-minute periods for men, with 25-minute periods for women.

Seven-man handball, the more dynamic and entertaining of the two games, gained widespread popularity in the middle of the 20th century in many countries. In the beginning of the 1970’s, approximately 3 million athletes, on all continents, played team handball. The International Handball Federation (IHF) united 40 national federations, including that of the USSR (since 1958). World championships are held every four years, and the European Cup (for club teams) is contested every year. Seven-man handball for men was included in the Olympic Games program in 1972. The leading teams in both men’s and women’s handball (1971) come from socialist countries: Rumania, the German Democratic Republic, Yugoslavia, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia.

In the USSR, team handball has been played since 1919, but it has been popular only since the mid-1950’s. In 1971 approximately 850,000 athletes participated in team handball, including about 250 Masters of Sport. USSR championships are held every year for women’s and men’s teams. Frequent champions and high placers are the MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute) and Kuntsevo (Moscow) sports clubs in the men’s team handball championships and Spartak (Kiev), Zhal’giris (Kaunas), and Luch (Moscow) in women’s team handball.

REFERENCES

Ryzhkov, D. L. Ruchnoi miach. Moscow, 1966.
Kunst-Ghermanescu, I. Ruchnoi miach 7:7. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from Rumanian.)

V. S. KRIVTSOV and V. A. PRAVDIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Other studies in indoor small-sided team handball reported higher relative distances, in spite of a reduced court: 110.
Locomotion characteristics and match-induced impairments in physical performance in male elite team handball players.
Studies carried out with amateur team handball practitioners (FERRARI; MEDEIROS, 2002) reported that the occurrence of dental fractures among young people and adolescents ranged between 15 and 30% (PETTI et al.
Injuries in young female players in European team handball.
Professional and amateur team handball is played in various countries on every continent.
The general idea of the game is to advance the ball as you would in basketball and score from outside a designated area (as in hockey, team handball, and lacrosse) by shooting (throwing a ball) at a net or area protected by a goalie.
20005 (202) 628-3630 Aquatics, badminton, basketball, bowling, cycling, floor hockey, golf, gymnastics, horseback riding, powerlifting, roller skating, skating (figure and speed), skiing (alpine and cross country), soccer, softball, table tennis, team handball, tennis, volleyball
He defends all his actions by quoting ratings, but I wonder what he'd say if there had been a competing network that gave us all-day game action with announcers who could provide some explanation of tactics, strategy, even basic rules for those of us who wanted to learn about, say, team handball.
Competition at large sites, such as UCLA's Drake Stadium, and lesser-known sports--archery, wrestling, fencing, team handball, kayaking--should still be available in July.
2015) Technical match characteristics and influence of body anthropometry on playing performance in male elite team handball.
Taborsky F, 2011, Competitive loading in top team handball, EHF Web Periodical 2011.
TEAM handball was introduced as an Olympic sport for men at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, but dropped after that, only to be resumed at the 1972 Summer Olympics, again on German territory.