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in the USSR, vocational-technical educational institutions for secondary-school graduates, designed to train skilled workers for trades requiring a higher level of general education. Technical schools were established in 1954, reorganized at the end of the 1950’s, and reestablished in 1966. They train personnel for more than 400 trades, including adjusters of automatic transfer machines, operators of entry-driving machines, equipment operators for the oil- and gas-extraction industries, installers of radio and radar units, and equipment operators for the chemical industry. The period of instruction is one to two years.
In 1975 the USSR had approximately 700 technical schools training 364,000 students. Graduates numbered 254,000, and admissions were 308,000. (SeeVOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS and VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL EDUCATION.)