Innovation

(redirected from Technological innovation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.

Innovation

 

the manifestation of something new in constructive human activity, an expression of human creative capabilities in labor.

Socialism opens the way to the free manifestation of human creative capabilities and talents and to innovation on a mass scale. “The awareness that they work for themselves and their society and not for exploiters inspires the working people with labor enthusiasm; it encourages their effort for innovation, their creative initiative, and mass socialist emulation” (Programma KPSS, 1973, p. 15).

Labor innovation has enormous socioeconomic importance as an inexhaustible source of increased labor productivity and accelerated scientific and technical progress. It is a source of socialist emulation, particularly of its highest form, namely, the movement for a communist attitude toward labor. Innovation stimulates an increase in the cultural and technical sophistication of the working people and a rise in their qualifications.

Innovation plays an important part in strengthening the ties between science and production, and it presupposes the active application of all theoretical and practical knowledge developed in any given field and in all related fields. Innovation provides the material from which new theoretical knowledge is worked out and promotes the development of science, technology, and production.

The history of innovation in Soviet industry is inseparably linked to the emergence of the shock worker movement. During the first five-year plans, efficiency brigades and technical independence brigades sought to master new types of production that would make possible a reduction in the import of industrial goods and a speedup in technical reequipment of enterprises. An important stage in the development of innovation is associated with the name of A. Stakhanov. The Stakhanovite movement of 1935 brought with it a new way of organizing labor that included streamlined production processes, correct distribution of labor in production, freeing of skilled workers from lower-level jobs, and improved shop organization. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 and the early postwar years, the innovator-expert (novator-skorostnik) movement was very important.

Socialist innovation is currently developing under conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, the enormous transforming influence of which develops the worker’s creativity. The initiatives toward innovation taken during the 1960’s and 1970’s have been increasingly characterized by collectivism, as when innovation is expressed in patriotic initiatives taken by labor collectives of enterprises and entire national economic sectors, as well as by cities, oblasts, and republics. Among the initiatives that have become widespread in recent years are those taken by the Saratov machine-building workers to turn out defect-free products (1963), by the workers of Sverdlovsk and Rybinsk to introduce scientific organization of labor (1967), and by the workers of the West Siberian Metallurgical Plant to achieve planned capacities ahead of schedule (1968). Mass technical innovation, invention, and enhanced efficiency represent powerful levers for further raising social productivity in industry, agriculture, construction, transportation, and services.

The creative initiative of the working people has given rise to such new forms for the organization and development of innovation as councils of innovators, public design and production engineering bureaus, and comprehensive complex brigades that are now common at enterprises. The All-Union Society of Inventors and Rationalizers, which had more than 6.5 million members in 1973, does much to develop the movement toward innovation. Along with scientists and engineering and technical personnel, many worker-innovators take an active part in the work of scientific and technical societies. Developing innovation and the mass technical creativity of the working people is an important task of all economic organs and of trade union and Komsomol organizations. Organizational and ideological work by the CPSU is of decisive importance in the development of innovation. The party is constantly exhorting the masses to active creative work and struggling to establish within the collective an atmosphere of creativity and of intolerance for conservatism and stagnation. This is one of the main sources of the strength of socialist innovation.

REFERENCES

Materialy XXIV s”ezda KPSS. Moscow, 1971.
Novatory (collection). Moscow, 1972.
Sotsialisticheskoe sorevnovanie ν promyshlennosti SSSR. Moscow, 1973.

B. K. ZLOBIN [18–113—4]

References in periodicals archive ?
Given the urgency to focus on technological innovation and economic growth, there are two major lessons for Pakistani policymakers: first, technological innovation and economic growth will not take root unless local and foreign investors keep the gains from their innovations and investments.
American technological innovation benefitted from an array of national laboratories, higher education institutions, and corporations, as well as from a permissive regulatory environment that allowed innovators to benefit from commercial incentives.
Here, he offers recommendations for polities that could support continued US excellence in technological innovation and encourage investments that lead to jobs and economic growth.
Since that the researchers have already classified the functions of innovation systems with a variety of approaches considering that most of the categories are related to the technological innovation and the technology development, the researcher in this study has classified the functions of technological base on the available studies and with this aim to include more varied activities as follows:
* Whether different patterns of technological innovation can have a significant impact on a company's performance.
In order to know their technological identity, such as, their footprint, the companies need to have and utilize their own instrument for accessing technological innovation. In this work, the instrument for accessing technological innovation consider the contribution of eighty variables of control (independent), that were adapted from the determined list by Tidd, Bessant and Pavitt (2008), known as the "innovative auditing".
Technological innovation, a concept with expanded understanding, must be seen as an act of human creation to be considered an essential coordinated in the technical progress of an economic entity.
The speeches confirmed that the UAE is interested in close international partnerships incorporating the latest technological innovation" .
The national program to promote technological innovation projects, funds projects of research, development, innovation and improvement of the quality of industrial products.
This award is representative of our commitment to bringvaluable technological innovation and business leadership to our customers,aiming towards continued and consistent growth over time.
of Vermont) explores how the US evolved from a relatively backward economy with little technological innovation into a leading economy with widespread technological dynamism over the course of the 75 years.
"So, looking to the future, we can be confident that financial innovation and technological innovation will continue to advance together.

Full browser ?