Technology of Metals

Technology of Metals

 

the aggregate of techniques and methods for producing and treating metals, as well as the scientific discipline that deals with these topics. The concept of technology of metals includes everything subsumed under the title “metallurgy” in the broadest sense: dressing of ores and extraction of metals from ores, production of alloys, heat treatment, heat and chemical treatment, heat treatment and plastic deformation, and pressure shaping, including forging, stamping, rolling, and drawing. The technology of metals also encompasses foundry operations, welding, soldering, chip-type and chipless machining, and the application of protective coatings.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the technology of metals was an integrated applied science that determined to a great extent a country’s level of technical development; it was based on metallography (now called metal science), metallurgical chemistry, and the theoretical principles of machining. As a result of intensive theoretical and practical developments during the 20th century, particularly in the 1930’s and later, many aspects of the technology of metals became independent sciences and engineering fields, each with its own theoretical foundation.

The technology of metals is treated as an integrated educational discipline in specialized secondary and higher technical educational institutions. It is designed to acquaint the student with the general scientific and engineering principles of the production and treatment of metals.

With the increasing use of nonmetallic structural materials, such as plastics, glass, ceramics, and vulcanized rubber, the concept of the technology of metals is giving way to the concept of the technology of materials, or materials science, the main division of which is the technology of metals.

REFERENCE

Tekhnologiia metallov. Moscow, 1974.

M. S. ARONOVICH and R. M. GOLUBCHIK

References in periodicals archive ?
At the stand of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation were presented the developments from 12 agrarian universities, including two innovative developments from the National Agricultural Academy: the "UCROP" installation, authored by the candidate of agricultural sciences, the senior lecturer of the department "Agrochemistry and agroecology" Alexander Vetchinkikov and the project " - HPP ", whose author is the candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of the department" Technology of metals and machinery repair "Eugene Ivanov.
What is the science and technology of metals called?
He started to be involved into problems of the technology of metals in 1955 at the Kujbyshev Metallurgical Works, whereto he was appointed after graduating from a technical school.
Originally published in 18 clothbound volumes during the 1990s, MS&T is a crucial guide to the science and technology of metals, ceramics, glasses, polymers, semiconductors, and composites.
At Institute of Physics and Technology of Metals and Alloys, NASU, influence of the kind and amount of the reducer, technology of the charge preparation and method of conducting the melting on behavior of vanadium was studied.
(1) Institute for Physics and Technology of Metals and Alloys, NASU, Kiev, Ukraine

Full browser ?