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|Birthplace||On the Scioto River, near Chillicothe, Ohio (location uncertain, see Early life)|
|Known for||War of 1812 Siege of Detroit Battle of the Thames †|
See biographies by B. Drake (1841, repr. 1969), J. M. Oskison (1938), G. Tucker (1956, repr. 1973), A. W. Eckert (1992), and J. Sugden (1998); C. F. Klinck, Tecumseh: Fact and Fiction in Early Records (1961); A. W. Eckert, The Frontiersmen (1967).
Born circa 1768; died Oct. 5, 1813. Chief of the Shawnee Indian tribe.
Tecumseh led the Indian tribes living north of the Ohio River in the struggle against the seizure of their lands by American settlers. He also developed a plan for a confederation of the western and southern Indian tribes. In 1811, in Tecumseh’s absence, an American military expedition defeated his forces. In an attempt to take advantage of the conflict between the United States and Great Britain, Tecumseh entered into an alliance with the English during the Anglo-American War of 1812–14. Tecumseh was killed in action on the Thames River in Canada.