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BirthplaceOn the Scioto River, near Chillicothe, Ohio (location uncertain, see Early life)
Known for War of 1812 Siege of Detroit Battle of the Thames  †


Tecumseh (tĭkŭmˈsē), 1768?–1813, chief of the Shawnee, b. probably in Clark co., Ohio. Among his people he became distinguished for his prowess in battle, but he opposed the practice of torturing prisoners. When the United States refused to recognize his principle that all Native American land was the common possession of all the Native Americans and that land could not rightly be ceded by, or purchased from, an individual tribe, Tecumseh set out to bind together the Native Americans of the Old Northwest, the South, and the eastern Mississippi valley. His plan failed with the defeat of his brother, the Shawnee Prophet, at Tippecanoe (1811). Though Tippecanoe was, properly speaking, a drawn battle, it marked the collapse of the Native American military movement. In the War of 1812, Tecumseh allied himself with the British and was made a brigadier general. He led a large force of Native Americans in the siege of Fort Meigs, covered Gen. Henry Procter's retreat after the American victory on Lake Erie, and lost his life in the battle of the Thames (see Thames, battle of the), in which Gen. William Henry Harrison overwhelmed Procter and his Native American allies. Tecumseh had great ability as an organizer and a leader and is considered one of the outstanding Native Americans in American history.


See biographies by B. Drake (1841, repr. 1969), J. M. Oskison (1938), G. Tucker (1956, repr. 1973), A. W. Eckert (1992), and J. Sugden (1998); C. F. Klinck, Tecumseh: Fact and Fiction in Early Records (1961); A. W. Eckert, The Frontiersmen (1967).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born circa 1768; died Oct. 5, 1813. Chief of the Shawnee Indian tribe.

Tecumseh led the Indian tribes living north of the Ohio River in the struggle against the seizure of their lands by American settlers. He also developed a plan for a confederation of the western and southern Indian tribes. In 1811, in Tecumseh’s absence, an American military expedition defeated his forces. In an attempt to take advantage of the conflict between the United States and Great Britain, Tecumseh entered into an alliance with the English during the Anglo-American War of 1812–14. Tecumseh was killed in action on the Thames River in Canada.


Tucker, G. Tecumseh. Indianapolis–New York, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


?1768--1813, American Indian chief of the Shawnee tribe. He attempted to unite western Indian tribes against the Whites, but was defeated at Tippecanoe (1811). He was killed while fighting for the British in the War of 1812
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Undertaking a journey to unite the tribes into a confederacy, Tecumseh traveled from Canada to Florida, yet was met as often as not with suspicion and hostility.
In 2011 the tribe opened the FireLake Express in Tecumseh, and in 2016 CPN opened a second FireLake Express in McLoud.
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Tecumseh residents already pay for citywide trash and recycling through their taxes.
Under the offer, MA Industrial would acquire all of the issued and outstanding common shares of Tecumseh for USD 5.00 per share, net to the seller in cash, without interest and less any required withholding taxes.
463rd Airlifters Assn Sep 21-26, 2015, Fairborn, OH Contact: Jerry Haines 2411 South Tecumseh Rd, Springfield, OH 45502 937-325-9306 gerald_haines@yahoo.com
When she joined the board, the Tecumseh prison had just opened, so she contacted the warden and asked for permission to meet with the prisoners.
Tecumseh is not one of the leading lights among the team, however the fitting of a hood for the first time meant he was able to win on his nursery debut in fine style.
(2.) John David Lewis, "William Tecumseh Sherman and the Moral Impetus for Victory," The Objective Standard, Summer 2006, vol.
With Chiefs Tecumseh and Roundhead nearby, the British gun captains brought down their linstocks, sending deadly 24-pounders screaming towards the Americans, only to watch them fall short, harmlessly absorbed by the soft muddy berms that traversed the fort.