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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a message text transmitted by telegraph. Communications agencies may receive telegrams from individuals, institutions, or organizations.

Telegrams are classified as domestic or international; domestic telegrams may be intercity or local (within a given population center). According to the stages of transmission, telegrams are classified as outgoing, transit, and incoming. The processing priority determines the classification of telegrams into several categories (seeCATEGORY TELEGRAM).

In the USSR telegrams may be sent over a general public network or over a teletypewriter exchange network. Each type of network has a specific telegram-processing technology. For example, in a general public network, depending on the means used to automate the retransmission of telegrams at switching centers, telegrams may be handled via direct circuits, by code switching, or by means of perforated tapes that are torn off and transferred. Telegrams are processed according to their type and category.

In the USSR special rules establish the order in which telegrams are processed when they are received from the sender at terminal points, transmitted to destination points, and delivered to addressees. For maximum convenience, the rules allow the possibility of the following services: telegrams sent to multiple addresses, return notification of delivery, certified signature of the sender or certification of the information contained in the telegram, translations, letter (mail) telegrams, and photographic telegrams. The text of the telegram may be written in Russian, English, French, German, or the languages of the Soviet peoples and autonomous republics. Russian words appearing in the texts of international telegrams may be written in letters of the Latin alphabet.

Communications agencies are responsible for the accuracy and timely processing of telegrams in compliance with the Communications Rules of the USSR.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"I am sorry to trouble you," said he, in his blandest manner, to the young woman behind the grating; "there is some small mistake about a telegram I sent yesterday.
I had seven different schemes for getting a glimpse of that telegram, but I could hardly hope to succeed the very first time."
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We were fairly accustomed to receive weird telegrams at Baker Street, but I have a particular recollection of one which reached us on a gloomy February morning, some seven or eight years ago, and gave Mr.
The porters told him that several remark- able telegrams had been received in the morning from Byfleet and Chertsey stations, but that these had abruptly ceased.
His telegram meant that he had no desire for my society that night or the following forenoon; that when he wanted me I should see him soon enough.
There will be a telegram from me saying I can't turn up.
No more, evidently, had his telegram, and my troubles were beginning early.
"Yours is the first reply I have received; people who can afford to send long telegrams don't rush to the advertisements in the Daily Telegraph; but, on the other hand, I was not quite prepared to hear from men like yourselves.
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