Telenomus

Telenomus

 

a genus of hymenopterous insects of the family Scelionidae. Members of the genus, which are egg parasites, measure 0.7–1.5 mm in length and are black in color. They parasitize the eggs of butterflies, hemipterous insects (true bugs), and flies. A single parasite usually develops in the host’s egg but six to 16 may do so, for example, in the case of T. fariai and T. gracilis. The maturation period lasts from two weeks to 1½ months. Some species produce as many as ten generations a year.

Under natural conditions, Telenomus is one of the most important regulators of the population of many harmful insects. It is bred in laboratories to control crop pests biologically. In the USSR, T. sokolovi is used to control Eurygaster integriceps, while T. gracilis is used to control Dendrolimus sibiricus and T. laeviusculus is bred to combat the lackey moth (Malacosoma neuslria). In the USA, T. emersoni is used to control horseflies. In old works on entomology, Telenomus comprises species of the genus Asolcus, which parasitize eggs of Eurygaster integriceps.

REFERENCE

Khimicheskaia i biologicheskaia zashchita rastenii. Moscow, 1971. Page 133.

G. M. DLUSSKII

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2016 Gene expressions of heat shock proteins in Bombyx mori egg parasitized by a parasitoid wasp, Telenomus theophilae.
ha-1 was classified as harmless (class 1) or slightly harmful (class 2) to Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) (STECCA, 2015) and T.
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A parasitism rate of 32 % was found in Tibraca limbativentris Stal, 1860, parasitized by Telenomus podisi (Ashmead) and Trissolcus urichi (Crawford) (Platygastridae) and Oencyrtus submetallicus (Howard) (Encyrtidae) (Maciel et al.
utahensis (Ashmead) and Telenomus 'near' podisi (Ashmead) have been exposed to fresh (24-hour-old) BMSB egg masses in the laboratory.
Colleterial glands of Sesamia nonagrioides as a source of the host-recognition kairomone for the egg parasitoid Telenomus busseolae.
Parasitismo natural de Telenomus fariai Costa Lima 1927 (Hymenoptera, Eupelmidae), parasitoide oofago de Triatominae en el Departamento Cruz del Eje, Cordoba, Republica Argentina.
En el Valle del Cauca se han registrado, desde 1989, varias especies de Gonatocerus (Mymaridae) y Telenomus (Platygastridae), generos que parasitan huevos de diferentes hospederos (Fernandez y Sharkey, 2006).