Tell El-Amarna

Tell El-Amarna

 

a settlement 287 km south of Cairo, on the eastern bank of the Nile, near which are the ruins of the city of Akhetaton (Horizon of Aton), the capital of ancient Egypt in the late 15th century B.C., under Amenhotep IV (Ikhnaton), who had moved the capital to Akhetaton from Thebes.

Excavations were begun in 1891 under the direction of W. M. F. Petrie, who identified the ruins as Akhetaton, and were continued by H. Frankfort, C. L. Woolley, and others. A large mud-brick palace was located in the center of the city, and villas, made of mud brick, were located on the outskirts; in the north stood the palace of Queen Nefertiti, also made of mud brick. There was an office for official correspondence in the central part of the city that contained numerous cuneiform tablets, which have been preserved (seeTELL EL-AMARNA TABLETS). In the western part of the city were the quarters for the police, an arsenal, and a parade ground. In the southern part of the city were the dwellings of the nobility, as well as the sculptors’ section; the workshop of the chief sculptor, Thutmose, yielded the famous sculptures of Amenhotep and Nefertiti. To the north were the dwellings of the officials and merchants. Farm buildings lined the river embankment, and there was a royal necropolis in the hilly part of the city. The necropolis workers lived in a separate section of the city, which was surrounded by a high wall with one gate and which had narrow streets and small houses.

Akhetaton existed for about 15 years. After Amenhotep’s death and repeal of his religious reforms, it was abandoned.

REFERENCES

Davies, N. de Garis. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, parts 1–6. London, 1903–08. (Archaeological Survey of Egypt, memoirs nos. 13–18.)
Peet, T. E., C. L. Woolley, and J. D. S. Pendlebury. The City of Akhenaten, parts 1–3. London, 1923–51.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to these donations, 17 sets were sent to the Ministry of Antiquities for their libraries and for the use of staff and inspectors, one set was sent to the library of the Theban Mapping Project in Luxor and one set was sent to the Amarna Project library in Tell el-Amarna.
Williamson publishes stone relief fragments excavated from the site of Kom el-Nana at Tell el-Amarna, Egypt dating to approximately 1350 BCE, the first time relief fragments can be associated with a specific wall from a specific temple at Tell el-Amarna.
The book is illustrated throughout its pages with black-and-white photographs and line drawings including several charts that draw on the author's work at Tell el-Amarna.
En 1930, a la edad de 25 anos, tras unas vacaciones en Italia y ensenar a Hilda los misterios de la esgrima, John gozaba de una posicion unica y privilegiada en el mundo arqueologico del Mediterraneo oriental: simultaneamente ocupaba los cargos de Curador o comisario artistico de Cnosos (como heredero de Arthur Evans) y Director de las excavaciones de Tell el-Amarna (como sucesor de Henri "Hans" Frankfort).
Instead, they resemble the finds from an archaeological dig at Tell el-Amarna.
De ahi nuestra analogia: si quitamos de Tell el-Amarna todo componente teologico y presentamos el presupuesto pensado del que se vale Kelsen, mas nos sirve contemplar el disco solar y su modelo de unidad que las piramides de Menfis: la Grundnorm determina la validez (existencia/obligatoriedad) de las normas y define todos los elementos del derecho (incluidos los individuos, objetivados como conjuntos de derechos y obligaciones en las relaciones juridicas); una Norma Fundante que traduce lo subjetivo en objetivo y transforma a toda persona en instrumento de imputacion normativa.
John Pendlebury was a Cambridge-educated archaeologist who directed the dig at Tell el-Amarna.
Pendlebury served as curator at Knossos, Crete, and was the director of the excavations at Tell el-Amarna in Egypt.
The book was written to accompany an exhibition highlighting the Museum's work at Tell el-Amarna, and the intended reader is one wishing to learn more about the subject without reading an object catalogue.
Thus Tell el-Amarna is the modern name for Ahketaten, not the ancient name.
As the ideological rupture between the pharaoh and the Amen priesthood widened, Akhenaten resolved to establish a new religious capital in a remote, previously unsettled territory midway between Memphis and Thebes along a wide bay of cliffs, near the present-day Arab village of Armana, or Tell el-Amarna.