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(tĕl`əgo͞o'), Dravidian language of India: see Dravidian languagesDravidian languages
, family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Tenugu), the language of the Andhra (Telugu) people in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language; in the adjoining regions of Tamil Nadu and Mysore; and in some countries of Southeast Asia. Spoken by approximately 50 million people (1975, estimate), Telugu belongs to the southeastern group of the Dravidian languages.

There are two forms of Telugu: the archaic granthika, or grammatical form, and the generally used vyavaharika, or colloquial form, which became established in Telugu literature during the 15th century. The vyavaharika form is based on the dialect of the eastern regions in which Telugu is spoken: Eastern Godavari, Western Godavari, Krishna, and Guntur; other Telugu dialects are Rayalasim and Telingana and the northeastern dialects, spoken in the regions of Srikakulam and Vizagapatam.

In Telugu, the original Dravidian alveolar consonants and the retroflex liquid sonant were lost. The root vowel or initial vowel disappeared: examples are rendu (“two”), from *irandu; and m(r)ān̲u (“tree, wood”), from *maran̲. The affricate ts͜ developed, and the distinction between the feminine and neuter genders was lost in the singular; in modern Telugu the masculine gender is opposed to a nonmasculine gender.

Inscriptions in Telugu date from the seventh century A.D., and Telugu literature dates from the 11th century.


Petrunicheva, Z. N. Iazyk telugu. Moscow, 1960.
Telugu-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1972.
Arden, A. H. A Progressive Grammar of the Telugu Language. Madras, 1955.
Krishnamurti, B. Telugu Verbal Bases: A Comparative and Descriptive Study. Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1961.
Mahadeva Sastri, K. Historical Grammar of Telugu. Anantapur, 1969.
Subrahmanyam, P. S. Modern Telugu. Annamalainagar, 1973.
Galletti di Cadilhac, A. Galletti’s Telugu Dictionary: A Dictionary of Current Telugu. London, 1935.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Soon however, cable and satellite broadcast of Telugu language programmes, including a huge volume of films and film related programming, paved the way for a post-celluloid career of films which in fact pitted the cinema and television in direct competition with each other.
Then, in 2014, she ventured into the South Indian film industry with the Tamil and Telugu language romantic comedy Aaha Kalyanam, that proved to be a moderate box-office success and her portrayal of the lead female character was praised.
The song is titled, 'I don't know', and marks Farhan's debut single in Telugu language.
In addition to the original Telugu language version, the films were also released in Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam languages.
YouTube congratulated some of the fastest growing Telugu language content creators like VIVA, Mahathalli, Kantri guyz, Kiraak Hyderabadiz, Shanmukh Jaswanth who have got an entire new generation of audience hooked onto their content and inspiring new creators to get behind the camera and take center stage.
We have to prevent the deterioration of Telugu language. I declare this year as Telugu language development year", Naidu said.
Siddharth Roy Kapur, President of the Film and Television Producers Guild of India, says Baahubali 2: The Conclusion - the sequel to hugely successful fantasy drama Baahubali: The Beginning - was a game changer as "a dubbed Telugu language film became the biggest Hindi language blockbuster of all time".
President Mukherjee said it is important that the antiquity of Telugu language and civilization must be further explored.
Hyderabad: About a million junior college students in Telangana will now have to study a new compulsory subject - the Telugu language.
He also released Beginner's Guide to the Capital Market in Telugu language at a function organized by the Federation of Andhra Pradesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FAPCCI) in partnership with the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) as part of India Investor Week (IIW) 2010.
Narasimhan, union minister of state Bandaru Dattatreya and a host of other dignitaries, Venakaiah Naidu spoke on a wide range of subjects including issues arising out of the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and the promotion of the Telugu language.