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(tĕl`əgo͞o'), Dravidian language of India: see Dravidian languagesDravidian languages
, family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Tenugu), the language of the Andhra (Telugu) people in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language; in the adjoining regions of Tamil Nadu and Mysore; and in some countries of Southeast Asia. Spoken by approximately 50 million people (1975, estimate), Telugu belongs to the southeastern group of the Dravidian languages.

There are two forms of Telugu: the archaic granthika, or grammatical form, and the generally used vyavaharika, or colloquial form, which became established in Telugu literature during the 15th century. The vyavaharika form is based on the dialect of the eastern regions in which Telugu is spoken: Eastern Godavari, Western Godavari, Krishna, and Guntur; other Telugu dialects are Rayalasim and Telingana and the northeastern dialects, spoken in the regions of Srikakulam and Vizagapatam.

In Telugu, the original Dravidian alveolar consonants and the retroflex liquid sonant were lost. The root vowel or initial vowel disappeared: examples are rendu (“two”), from *irandu; and m(r)ān̲u (“tree, wood”), from *maran̲. The affricate ts͜ developed, and the distinction between the feminine and neuter genders was lost in the singular; in modern Telugu the masculine gender is opposed to a nonmasculine gender.

Inscriptions in Telugu date from the seventh century A.D., and Telugu literature dates from the 11th century.


Petrunicheva, Z. N. Iazyk telugu. Moscow, 1960.
Telugu-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1972.
Arden, A. H. A Progressive Grammar of the Telugu Language. Madras, 1955.
Krishnamurti, B. Telugu Verbal Bases: A Comparative and Descriptive Study. Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1961.
Mahadeva Sastri, K. Historical Grammar of Telugu. Anantapur, 1969.
Subrahmanyam, P. S. Modern Telugu. Annamalainagar, 1973.
Galletti di Cadilhac, A. Galletti’s Telugu Dictionary: A Dictionary of Current Telugu. London, 1935.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hyderabad/Vijayawada: Telugu New Year 'Ugadi' was celebrated with traditional fervour on Sunday across Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
two others of Telugu origin have received the award earlier -- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954) and V.
Trained by the renowned dance teacher Swarna Babu, she has regaled the Telugu audiences especially with her dance hit Gaajuvaka Pilla in the Telugu movie Nuvvu-Nenu.
This cultural feast is part of the ongoing efforts of the Telugu Kala Samithi to conduct cultural, social and charitable programmes for the Indian Telugu community living in Oman and other communities in general.
The evolution of new spheres and blurring of old spheres precipitated a new social order for Telugus and birthed a distinct Telugu Baptist Christianity in which women continue to be an essential part.
His becoming vice president was the matter of pride for all Telugus. He is a man of extraordinary skills and talents".
However, the government's decision came as a rude shock to culture buffs and art lovers, as the auditorium had been identified as a symbol of Telugu pride.
Assaykumar further said that they would submit a memorandum to Information Minister Ahmad Sabery Cheek urging for additional time for the Telugu community on Minnal FM, the Tamil-based radio programme on RTM.
Hyderabad: The body of veteran Telugu poet and film lyricist C.
Telugu Desam president N Chandrababu Naidu, NTR's daughter and union minister of state D Purandeswari and NTR's two sons, including film star Balakrishna, NTR's second wife Lakshmi Parvathy were among the notable members of NTR clan present on the occasion.
MUSCAT -- Telugu Kala Samithi (TKS), the Telugu Wing of Indian Social Club, will hold its annual blood donation camp and first-ever health awareness/check-up camp on the ISM premises in Darsait on March 21.