Temnocephalida

Temnocephalida

[‚tem·nō·sə′fal·əd·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
A group of rhabdocoeles sometimes considered a distinct order but usually classified under the Neorhabdocoela; members are characterized by the possession of tentacles and adhesive organs.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Temnocephalida

 

an order of turbellarians; according to another system, a class of turbellarians.

Temnocephalids are ectocommensals of freshwater crustaceans, mollusks, and turtles. Their flattened bodies, which are 0.2 to 14 mm long, are usually equipped with several tentacles. Temnocephalids are hermaphrodites. They deposit their eggs on the host’s body. There are about 50 species, living mainly in the southern hemisphere; one species inhabits the Balkans.

REFERENCES

Pavlovskii, E. N. “Dopolnenie k klassu Turbellaria: Otriad Temnocephalida.” In Rukovodstvo po zoologii, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.
Shul’ts, R. S., and E. V. Gvozdev. Osnovy obshchei gel’mintologii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1970. Pages 99–103.
Baer, J. G. “Classe des temnocéphales.” In Traité de Zoologie: Anatomie, systématique, biologie, vol. 4, fasc. 1. Published by P.-P. Grasse. Paris, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The following key-words were used: Platyhelminthes, Acoela, Nemertodermatida, Catenulida, Prolecithophora, Rhabdocoela, Temnocephalida, Macrostomida, Lecithoepitheliata or Revertospermata and Brazil.
New species of Temnocephala Blanchard (Platyhelminthes, Temnocephalida) ectosymbiont on giant water bugs, Belostoma spp.
Temnocephala lutzi Monticelli (Platyhelminthes, Temnocephalida) ectosymbiont on two species of Trychodactylus Latreille (Crustacea, Decapoda, Trichodactylidae) from southern Brazil.
A new species of Temnocephala Blanchard (Platyhelminthes, Temnocephalida) ectosymbiont on Trichodactylus fluviatilis Latreille (Crustacea, Decapoda, Trichodactylidae) from southern Brazil.
Temnocephalapignalberiae Dioni, 1967 (Platyhelminthes, Temnocephalida) from two allopatric populations of Dilocarcinus pagei Stimpson, 1861 (Crustacea, Decapoda) first record for Brazil.
Trichoptera: the newest insect order host of temnocephalans (Platyhelminthes, Temnocephalida) and the description of a new species of Temnocephala from Brazil.
A new species of Temnocephala Blanchard (Platyhelminthes, Temnocephalida) ectosymbiont on creeping water bugs, Cryphocricos granulosus De Carlo (Hemiptera, Naucoridae) from southern Brazil.
First report of Temnocephalarochensis (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida) from Pomace canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae) outside Uruguay--description updated based on specimens from the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
D 3 0 0 0 0 Temnocephalida Temnocephala chilensis PA 0 3 0 18 0 Sampling station 6 7 8 9 10 11 Plecoptera Austronemoura chilena 15 3 9 5 24 6 Neofulla sp.
Besides the validity of the record of Temnocephalida order for the state, not cited by the Biota project (Forneris, 1999a), when contributing to the preservation of this group, Japi streams help to maintain the ecological ectosymbiosis relation between temnocephalida and crustraceans of the Aegla (Amato et al., 2003) and Trichodactylus genera (Amato et al., 2006).
New species of Temnocephala Blanchard (Platyhelminthes, Temnocephalida) ectosymbiont on Aegla serrana Buckup & Rossi (Crustacea, Anomura) from southern Brazil.
pugnax a: Temnocephala chilensis (Moquin-Tandom, 1846) (Platyhelmintes, Temnocephalida), cuyas ootecas se situan de preferencia en el cefalotorax dorsal, lateral y ventral, y los adultos se pueden encontrar en todo el cuerpo del camaron; y Stratiodrilus pugnaxi Vila & Bahamonde, 1985 (Polychaeta, Histriobdellidae), cuyos adultos se ubican en la cavidad branquial de P.