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Tempelhof(tĕm`pəlhôf), district of Berlin, Germany. A workers' residential quarter and a film-production center, it became part of the U.S. occupation sector after 1945. The district includes the former Tempelhof Airport (closed 2008), which was located on the site of the former imperial parade ground where Germany's first airplane flight took place. As Tempelhof Field, the airport was the main terminal of the Berlin airliftBerlin airlift,
1948–49, supply of vital necessities to West Berlin by air transport primarily under U.S. auspices. It was initiated in response to a land and water blockade of the city that had been instituted by the Soviet Union in the hope that the Allies would be
..... Click the link for more information. during the Soviet blockade (June, 1948–May, 1949) of West Berlin, and was considerably enlarged. It was West Berlin's chief airport until the mid-1970s.