Tenebrionidae


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Related to Tenebrionidae: Carabidae, Meloidae

Tenebrionidae

[tə‚neb·rē′än·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The darkling beetles, a large cosmopolitan family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Tenebrionoidea; members are common pests of grains, dried fruits, beans, and other food products.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tenebrionidae

 

a family of beetles of the suborder Polyphaga. Members of the family may be tiny (body length, 2 mm) or quite large (50 mm). They are usually black, sometimes brown or brightly striped or spotted; in rare cases they may be white or have a metallic sheen. The body may be spherical or rod-shaped. The feet of the anterior and median legs are five-segmented, and those of the posterior legs are four-segmented. The beetles do not fly, and most species lack a posterior pair of wings. Because the larvae are cylindrical, hard, and usually yellow, resembling wireworms, they are referred to as false wire worms. They feed on the rootlets of plants. The adult beetles are polyphagous. Many species of Tenebrionidae excrete pungent defensive fluids. They are usually nocturnal or crepuscular.

The family consists of approximately 17,000 species, which are distributed over the entire globe except the polar regions. They are especially numerous in steppes and deserts, as well as in forests. The USSR has more than 1,000 species, which are mainly encountered in Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, and the Caucasus. Larval and adult representatives of some species damage crops and pasture plants. Others damage food stores, developing in grain, flour, and flour products; these include the darkling beetles Tenebrio molitor and T. confusum.

REFERENCE

Medvedev, G. S. Zhuki-chernotelki (Tenebrionidae). Podsemeistvo Opatrinae. Leningrad, 1968 (Fauna SSSR. Zhestkokrylye, vol. 19, no. 2.)

O. L. KRYZHANOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Evaluation of some indigenous medicinal plants as a source of toxicant, repellent and growth inhibitors against Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).
Tenebrio molitor Delvare & LaSalle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), a new alternative host to rear the pupae parasitoid Palmistichus elaeisis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).
(2016) Fenologia de Tenebrionidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) en la Estacion Biologica El Limon, Estado de Morelos.
Effect of new formulations of neem products on biology of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Tenebrionidae: Coleoptera).
Evaluation of neuropharmacological profile of oil from Ulumoides dermestoides (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).
Overall, Tenebrionidae species were reported to be less susceptible to EOs compared with Curculionidae beetle [21, 22, 26].
The main families affected are Tenebrionidae, Curculionidae, Carabidae and Scarabeidae.
Source of Host tree Type of fungus % isolation species similarity (type of beetle) Tenebrionidae Nothofagus Trametes 100 dombeyii versicolor Tenebrionidae Nothofagus Bjerkandera 99 obliqua adusta Lucanidae N.
Use of Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to recycle organic wastes and as feed for broiler chickens.
Bioactivities ofmethyl allyl disulfide and diallyl trisulfide from essential oil of garlic to two species of stored-product pests, Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).