Teng Chung-Hsia

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Teng Chung-Hsia

 

Born Sept. 7, 1894; died October 1933. Chinese Communist Party leader.

As a student at the University of Peking, Teng took part in the May Fourth Movement of 1919. In 1920 he joined a Marxist circle, founding the first railway workers’ union in China in 1921. He became a member of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CC CCP) in 1922. From 1922 to 1925, Teng headed the All-China Workers’ Secretariat, and after 1925 he served as a member of the Executive Committee of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions. During the Hsiangkang-Kuangchou Strike of 1925-26, he was deputy chairman of the strike committee. From 1928 to 1930 he represented China’s trade unions in the Profintern. After his return home in 1930, the Central Committee sent him as its commissioner to the Hunan-Hupeh revolutionary center. From 1931 he worked in the underground at Shanghai until his arrest in May 1933 by the Kuomintang police; he was later executed in Nanking. Teng is also known as the author of A Short History of the Trade Union Movement in China (1930; Russian translation, 1952).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.