Teng Hsiao-Ping


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Deng Xiaoping

, Teng Hsiao-ping
1904--97, Chinese Communist statesman; deputy prime minister (1973--76; 1977--80) and the dominant figure in the Chinese government from 1977 until his death. He was twice removed from office (1967--73, 1976--77) and rehabilitated. He introduced economic liberalization, but suppressed demands for political reform, most notably in 1989 when over 2500 demonstrators were killed by the military in Tiananmen Square in Beijing

Teng Hsiao-P’ing

 

Born 1904 in the district of Chiating, Szechwan Province. Chinese Communist Party leader.

The son of an office worker, Teng was educated in France. In 1924 he joined the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and from 1925 to 1927 he studied in the USSR. After returning to China, he worked in various revolutionary strongpoints headed by the CCP. From 1934 to 1936 he took part in the northwestern campaign. From 1937 to 1945 he served first as deputy chief of the political department of the Eighth Army and afterward as political commissar of the 129th Division. He was elected to the Central Committee of the CCP (CC CCP) in 1945. He then worked as political commissar of the Second Field Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and secretary of the Southwestern Bureau of the CC CCP (1945-49). From 1949 to 1954 he was a member of the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China; in 1954 he became deputy premier of the state council. In 1955 he was elected to the Politburo of the CC CCP, becoming general secretary of the CC CCP and a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo. During the ’’cultural revolution” (1966-69), Teng was harshly criticized as a “proponent of the anti-Maoist line.” In April 1969, at the Ninth Congress of the CCP, he was not reelected to the Central Committee. At the Tenth Congress of the CCP (1973) he was reelected to the CC CCP, and in January 1974 he was made a member of the Politburo of the CC CCP.

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