Tengoborskii, Liudvig Valerianovich
Born 1793 in Warsaw; died Mar. 30,1857. Russian economist, statistician, and state figure.
From 1812 to 1815, Tengoborskii was an accountant and treasury adjutant in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, and from 1818 to 1828 he was an economic adviser to the State Council of the Kingdom of Poland. From 1828 to 1832 he was consul general at Danzig. In 1832 he was appointed commissar plenipotentiary to Vienna, where, as a representative of Russia, he participated in deliberations on the restructuring of the Republic of Kraków. His work On the Finances and State Credit of Austria (1843) became well-known throughout Europe. Beginning in 1846, Tengoborskii studied Russian economics and statistics. He proposed the liberal customs tariff that was instituted in Russia in 1850. He was appointed a member of the State Council in 1848 and served as chairman of the Tariff Committee from 1850 to 1857.
Tengoborskii made a profound study of Russia’s foreign trade and published the work On the Productive Forces of Russia. (Four volumes appeared in French in Paris between 1852 and 1855; they were published in Russian between 1854 and 1858.) As a result of the Crimean War (1853–56), Tengoborskii published several political pamphlets in foreign languages in protest against Anglo-French policies. He helped found Nord. a Parisbased journal that defended Russia’s interests.