Teófilo Braga

(redirected from Teofilo Braga)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Braga, Teófilo

 

Born Feb. 24, 1843, in Ponta Delgada, the Azores Islands; died Jan. 24, 1924, in Lisbon. Portuguese political figure, writer, positivist philosopher, and historian.

Braga was one of the organizers of the republican movement. After the overthrow of the monarchy in Portugal, he became prime minister of the provisional republican government (from Oct. 5, 1910 to Aug. 24, 1911). From May to October 1915 he was the provisional president of the Portuguese Republic.

Braga’s works (more than 100 volumes) touch upon various aspects of Portuguese culture, including literature, history, ethnology, folklore, and philosophy. Imbued with sympathy for the masses, Braga’s works had a great influence on the formation of the opinions of the Portuguese democratic intelligentsia.

WORKS

Historia universal. Lisbon, 1878.
Traços gerais de philosophia positiva. Lisbon, 1877.
Systema de sociologia. Lisbon, 1884.
Historia da literatura Portugueza, vols. 1–24. Porto, 1870–1901.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Along the walls are the busts of some of Portugal's finest authors, including Eca de Queiros, Camilo Castelo Branco, Antero de Quental, Tomas Ribiero, teofilo Braga and Guerra Junqueiro
Education, religion and progress in Teofilo Braga A reinterpretation of the Sistema Sociologico (1884)
Neste cenario, a opcao positivista de Teofilo Braga, pretende ser uma possibilidade de encontrar a resposta para as questoes capazes de estabelecerem a unidade numa sociedade plural, logo secular--em especial a da perfetibilidade (progresso), associada aos valores e saberes que o modelo educativo deve disseminar.
Talvez o mais destacado apostolo do positivismo em Portugal tenha sido Teofilo Braga, quem, em 1872, ingressou no corpo docente do Curso Superior de Letras, onde fez escola e criou discipulos, entre os quais importa destacar Consiglieri Pedroso.
Ingressando no corpo docente em 1872, Teofilo Braga integrou o contingente de professores que em 1910 transitaram para o quadro da Faculdade de Letras.
Nevertheless, his social-liberal agenda became a touchstone for a younger generation of radical left and liberal student intellectuals in Coimbra, among them, the poet Antero de Quental, and poet and historian, Teofilo Braga. They, along with such writers as Oliveira Martins, Eca de Queiroz, Ramalho Ortigao, came to be known as the "Generation of "70," and they constitute the proto-avant garde formation I have already mentioned.
In the afterword, Castilho praised lais young friend Pinheiro Chagas as a critic and poet; he also took the opportunity to bolster Pinheiro Chagas' candidacy for a chairship of modern literature, and he used the occasion to attack the young radicals in Coimbra, in particular Teofilo Braga (who was also a candidate for the chairship) and, to a lesser extent, Antero de Quental.
The republican and positivist Teofilo Braga was the main supporter of the celebration of the tercentenary in the newspapers of the period, though there had been ample consensus as to the necessity to unite every effort for the celebration and to promote the life and work of the poet among ordinary people.
The writer and politician Teofilo Braga had taken the matter even further when he affirmed that 'o sentimento de veneracao e uma das principais forcas coordenadoras das sociedades humanas; sem ele a ordem seria uma violencia material e nunca um acordo harmonico das vontades'.