These interior scenes carry over into the final gallery, Behind Closed Doors, which affords a peek into 17th-century amorous pursuits and civilized leisure as depicted in "high-life genre paintings." Gerard ter Borch
and Pieter de Hooch pioneered this style, which reached its apogee in the work of Vermeer.
1659, Gerard ter Borch
(1617-81), oil on canvas laid on panel, 46.7 X36.8cm.
So far in my discussion of the ter Borch
example above, I have followed Carroll's presentation of it.
"Many of Gerard ter Borch
's paintings depict, in a painstakingly realist technique, social and psychological interactions among the well-to-do of 17th-century Holland," says Graham W.J.
In response to an inquiry received in March, 2000 via the museum's Web site as to whether or not the museum owned "The Letter" by the Dutch painter Gerard Ter Borch
, the museum discovered that the provenance of the painting was dubious.
I became frantic, randomly pulling names from the whole spectrum of art history: Guardi, Ter Borch
, Cranach, Veronese, Boudin, Sassetta, Chase, Patinir, Sickert.
It is the evolution of Vermeer's artistic practice from the "broadness of vision and execution" of his early history painting; through a period of technical refinement and complexity, partly inspired by the works and techniques of Fabritius, de Hooch and ter Borch
(the genre paintings and cityscapes of the early to mid-1660s); to an independent period of simplification and abstraction (the genre paintings and, presumably, the religious allegory of the 1670s) (163-65).
Although she always returns to the paintings - of Jan Steen, Gerrit Dou, Dirck Hals, Gabriel Metsu, Jacob Ochtervelt, Gerard ter Borch
, Johannes Vermeer, Franz van Mieris, to name some of the artists surveyed here - Dixon's accomplishment lies in the lucid way in which she outlines the history of ideas about women's reproductive organs, the diagnosis of hysteria and the relation of both to received ideas about female sexuality.
In his engaging collection of essays, Still Life with Bridle, Zbigniew Herbert wonders aloud why such painters as Vermeer and Ter Borch
eschewed military themes despite the plentiful opportunities so readily exploited by their counterparts in neighboring countries.
1658-60) and Gerard ter Borch
's Woman Writing a Letter (c.
Art in the exhibition will include paintings once attributed to Francisco Goya and Gerhard ter Borch
and original watercolors by Auguste Rodin, as well as forged watercolors attributed to him.
Though untraveled, Vermeer was well connected with other artists, including Gerald Ter Borch
and Dirk van Baburen, and might have been influenced by Caravaggio and Carel Fabritius, the brilliant student of Rembrandt.