Terai


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Terai

(in India) a belt of marshy land at the foot of mountains, esp at the foot of the Himalayas in N India
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Terai

 

(also Tarai), a swampy area in India and Nepal, in the southern foothills of the Himalayas, in the northeast of the Indo-Gangetic plain. The Terai forms a strip 30 to 50 km wide at an elevation of up to 900 m. It is covered with jungles, which consist of sal trees, bamboo, magnolias, orchids, and lianas. A considerable part is covered with silt and overgrown with tall grasses. Some parts have been drained and planted with rice and other crops. The swampiness of the Terai is due to excessive precipitation, abundant groundwater, and poor drainage of the submontane plains.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The heavy rainfall has adversely affected lands in the Terai and Dooars region.
Political leaders do not want to see the hills and mountain regions in Nepal abandoned for the Terai as they feel these areas represent the cultural heartland of the country.
Terai based Rashtriya Janata Party Nepal (RJP-N) Presidium Member, Rajendra Mahato has an interesting take.
In January 2018, during the meeting with the leaders of Terai based parties, India's External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said that constitution amendment was internal issue of Nepal; thus the Terai based leaders should cooperate with the left alliance government and resolve the issue of constitutional amendment.
The tribal population of North Bengal could be classified into three groups based on their location in three distinct socio-economic setups: (a) the Nepali speaking tribes in the Darjeeling Hills, both in tea gardens and outside, (b) the Central Indian tribes in the agricultural setup of Malda, South Dinajpur, Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar and Cooch Behar districts (3), and (c) the Central Indian Tribes which constitute the labour force in the tea gardens in the Terai of Darjeeling district and Dooars of Jalpaiguri district.
But Lumbini, which is located in the Terai plains of southern Nepal close to the Indian border, turned out to be underwhelming, not to mention the long and dusty bus ride from Kathmandu and the subtle harassment I got from the tour guide I hired for one day.
The Nepal Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Study (2008) which was undertaken in eight districts found maternal mortality ratio varied by geographical area with higher rates in mountain districts compared to those in the hills and plains (otherwise known as Terai in Nepal) [12].
However, meter gauge lines exist in some parts of the plains or terai region in Nepal.
SATURDAY'S SOLUTION: airer; arrive; artier; irate; pair; peatier; peri; pervier; pier; pieta; pirate; pratie; private; PRIVATEER; privet; rapier; reive; reiver; repair; retie; retire; ripe; riper; rite; rive; river; rivet; riveter; tapir; terai; tier; tire; trier; trip; tripe; vair; verite; viper.
YESTERDAY'S SOLUTION: agar; area; aria; attar; attire; aver; avert; gaiter; gear; girt; giver; grate; grave; GRAVITATE; great; grit; irate; raga; rage; riata; rata; rate; ratite; ravage; rave; regatta; rite; rive; rivet; tare; targe; target; tart; tater; tear; terai; tetra; tiara; tier; tiger; tire; titre; trait; treat; tret; triage; trig; trite; trivet; vair; variate; vert; virga; virgate.
That has led to a polarization in Nepal and a conflict in the Terai region.
"The prime minister will hold dialogue with the agitating parties in the Terai in the coming days," Adhikari said, referring to the plains in Nepal's south.