Terence


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Terence

(Publius Terentius Afer) (tĕr`əns), b. c.185 or c.195 B.C., d. c.159 B.C., Roman writer of comedies, b. Carthage. As a boy he was a slave of Terentius Lucanus, a Roman senator, who brought him to Rome, educated him, and gave him his freedom. Six comedies by him survive—Andria, Heautontimorumenos, Eunuchus, Phormio, Adelphi, and Hecyra. All are adapted (with considerable liberty) from Greek plays by Menander and others. The writing is polished and urbane, the humor broad, and the characters realistic.

Bibliography

See G. E. Duckworth, The Complete Roman Drama (1942); W. G. Arnott, Menander, Plautus, and Terence (1965).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Terence

 

(Publius Terentius Afer). Born circa 195 B.C.; died 159 B.C. Roman dramatist.

Terence was born in Carthage. Between 166 and 160 B.C., he wrote six plays, using the plots and masks of the Greek New Comedy: The Lady of Andros, The Self-tormentor, The Eunuch, and The Brothers were adaptations of plays by Menander, and Phormio and The Mother-in-law were adaptations of plays by Apollodorus of Carystus. In these plays Terence departed from the convention of mixing Greek and Roman elements and from the crude comedy and buffoonery typified by Plautus. Despite the use of the device of contaminatio (adding a character from a second Greek original), the plots in Terence’s comedies develop consistently; his characters, depicted with psychological subtlety, contrast with the accepted pattern. Terence separated the prologue from the plot and used it to make sharp comments on current events and to engage in polemics with literary opponents. Terence had an enormous influence on the togata, the Roman comedy of the mid-second century B.C. His influence can be seen in Moliere’s plays. A. N. Ostrovskii translated the Mother-in-law.

WORKS

Comédies: Texte établi par J. Marouzeau, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1942–49.
In Russian translation:
Komedii. Moscow, 1934.
Adel’fi. Moscow, 1954.

REFERENCES

Tronskii, I. M. Istoriia antichnoi literatury, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1957. Pages 305–14.
Savel’eva, L. I. Khudozhestvennyi metod Publiia Terentsiia Afra. Kazan, 1960.
Haffter, H. “Terenz und seine künstlerische Eigenart.” Museum Helveticum, 1953, vol. 10, pp. 1–20,73–102.

K. P. POLONSKAIA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Terence

Latin name Publius Terentius Afer. ?190--159 bc, Roman comic dramatist. His six comedies, Andria, Hecyra, Heauton Timoroumenos, Eunuchus, Phormio, and Adelphoe, are based on Greek originals by Menander
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Terence's weight was putting a huge strain on his health.
When Word Is reached out to her, Terence said yes, he has two other daughters, either adopted or biological.
But when Donna and Terence, from Whitefield, meet over wine and coffee, they find a shared love of Bury Football Club - and agree the NHS needs cash.
"Whereas before he wasn't really able to be outboxed, you just had to catch him, but now Terence can actually beat him up and, again, it's because Amir has kind of fallen off more so than what Terence is gonna be doing.
Terence, a Grammy-winning trumpeter, was nominated for Best Original Score while the film was also up for Best Motion Picture, Best Direction, Best Editing, Best Supporting Actor for Adam Driver and Best Adapted Screenplay, which it won, at the Academy Awards ceremony last Sunday.
That day - a Tuesday - was like any other for the Middlesbrough family and Irene, or Renee as she was known, had left little Terence in the care of "a poor relative".
Terence, who owns three harpsichords made by David, said: "He would take up to a year to make one as he lavished so much care on them.
The West Derby man's twin sons Terence (Jnr) and Michael McHugh, both 62, along with their brother Stephen, 60, were all sergeant majors in the Special Air Service and each served between 24 and 26 years.
Caught up in the heady magic of 1968 in California's Haight-Ashbury district, journalist Malcolm Terence found that the world was changing fast -- much faster than the attitudes of his employer, the Los Angeles Times.
Terence, 60, who had appeared in Victoria and BBC1's War and Peace, was found dead in a car in the garage.