Terminal State

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Terminal State

 

the transitional states between life and biological death. The terminal state is marked by profound, although reversible, impairment of function in the most important body organs and systems and by increasing hypoxia. The terminal state includes the stages of preagony, with loss of consciousness and reflexes and retention of respiration and cardiac activity; death agony; and clinical death, in which there are no external signs of life. The length of the terminal state depends on the severity of the underlying disease and on whether measures are taken to revive the body, including heart massage and artificial or auxiliary respiration. Such measures are accompanied by treatment of the underlying disease; an example is antishock therapy in the case of trauma.

REFERENCE

Osnovy reanimatologii, 2nd ed. Edited by V. A. Negovskii. Moscow, 1975.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The futility of continuing in a medically terminal state and the financial burden on the family obviously add to the urgency for a decision on the controversial subject," said CPI ( M) MP A.
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The first one is terminal state equality constraint, which depends only on the final state of the system, whereas the other one is continuous inequality constraints on the control and the state, which restrict control and state at every point in the time horizon.