Terpander


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Terpander

(tûrpăn`dər), fl. c.675 B.C., musician of Lesbos, one of the earliest founders of Greek classical music. Upon somewhat doubtful evidence, Terpander is credited with having completed the octave and adding the sixth and seventh strings to the kithara. He was also known as a poet, teacher, and composer.

Terpander

 

Born in the first half of the seventh century B.C. in Antissa, on the island of Lesbos. Greek poet and musician.

Terpander lived in Sparta. Only fragments of his poetic works remain, and the authorship of many of these is not certain. He was one of the best citharists in Greece and is said to have improved the cithara. The high nome, a genre of religious song in hexameter with a high tessitura, accompanied by a cithara, and the instrumental prelude to ritual songs are said to have been his creations. Terpander reputedly favored the mixolydian mode. Development of the scolion, a genre of drinking song, is credited to him.

REFERENCES

Radtsig, S. I. Istoriia drevnegrecheskoi literatury, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1969. Page 145.
Atichnaia literatura, 2nd ed. Edited by A. A. Takho-Godi. Moscow, 1973. Page 79.
Groningen, B. A. van. “A propos de Terpandre.” Mnemosyne, 1955, series 4, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 177–91.
References in classic literature ?
The hymn must therefore be later than that date, though Terpander, according to Weir Smyth (16), may have only modified the scale of the lyre; yet while the burlesque character precludes an early date, this feature is far removed, as Allen and Sikes remark, from the silliness of the "Battle of the Frogs and Mice", so that a date in the earlier part of the sixth century is most probable.
11-13); the ephor in Three humiliates the Helots for his amusement and then orders their death when Terpander loses his composure (1.
Meanwhile, the massacre of the Helots has taken an unexpected turn: Klaros is revealed to be a skilled fighter, and along with Damar and Terpander, fights back and kills all the Spartans except Arimnestos, who escapes.
In Three, the Helot Terpander taunts the Spartans by reminding them that the heroic 300 of Thermopylae each had a Helot slave who fought and died beside him, and concludes: 'So come, any who would dine in Hades, let those who lived there show you the way' (5.
Paint you pictures, no, nor carve you statues") echo Cleon's similar disclaimer: "I have not chanted verse like Homer, no--/ Nor swept string like Terpander, no--nor carved/And painted men like Phidias" ("Cleon," ll.
29) notes the absence of other testimonies for the paean being played by a Lesbian aulos, but refers to the chronology of Terpander in relation to Archilochus.
Diehl (1926 (1)) quoted Terpander 697 PMG, considered to be a paean (17) although the verse is quoted in the Suda as a prelude ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) to Terpander's Orthian Nomos, and is not listed in Kappel (1992) or Rutherford's (2001) collection of testimonies and fragments of paeans.
4, Terpander is older than Archilochus, but according to Phaenias of Eresos (fr.
The barbitos was supposedly invented by the 7th-century Lesbian musician Terpander, who, like Orpheus, charmed men through his music.
125 Snell: Terpander invented the barbitos, [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
Indeed, Archilochus' date is used as a focal point for a number of chronological comparisons in this paragraph - not only with Semonides and Callinus, but also with Terpander and Eumelus.
18 The immediately preceding excerpt (Dilts, 11) is about the honour paid to Terpander (cf.