Territorial


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Geographic (Territorial) Division of Labor

 

the division of labor among particular geographic areas, expressed in the specialization of these areas in the production of particular types of industrial output, agricultural products, or services. It is a form of the social division of labor and obeys the laws of the latter’s development, which are determined by the method of production. The geographic (territorial) division of labor is directly related to the territorial location of public production to the extent that there is exchange of the results of productive activity among different areas.

By the territorial scope of economic relationships, geographic (territorial) division of labor is divided into the division of labor among particular populated points located within the boundaries of one region (local division of labor), among economic regions of different size (regional division of labor), and among countries (international division of labor). Regional and international division of labor under current conditions are complex in nature and usually encompass an enormous number of different types of products being exchanged. Single-commodity specialization or limitation to two or three types of output is encountered primarily in former or retained colonies.

In the socialist countries the geographic (territorial) division of labor is planned.

The appearance and development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor are conditioned by the economic effect produced by concentrating production in a particular area because of the general economic advantages of large-scale production or because of particularly favorable natural or economic conditions in the area. The influence of natural conditions is reflected most strongly in the specialization of areas in the extraction industry, agriculture, and tourism and health resorts.

The development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor is closely related to developing the transportation network and reducing the cost of transporting raw and processed materials, fuel, power, and finished output.

P. M. ALAMPIEV

References in periodicals archive ?
As per data obtained by territorial shelf extension, the project opened new vistas of sub-sea research and raised fresh questions.
But Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio said seeking clearance before making an innocent passage in one's territorial waters is not needed under UNCLOS.
The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988 when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan.
The initiators of the pilot project recommend introducing a base in other territorial administrations of Bishkek to facilitate the work of representatives of the territorial administrations.
Kenya's territorial sea extends 12 Nautical miles of the country's shore line.
'We received calls from all over the country expressing their interest in joining the territorial army,' he said.
An Egyptian fisherman was killed and at least 65 were arrested in February after a Saudi Arabian border guard fired shots at two Egyptian fishing boats that entered territorial waters without permits.
Every now and then we are faced with recurring debates, disputes about the need to introduce changes in Poland's territorial organisation, yet with no effects.