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Geographic (Territorial) Division of Labor


the division of labor among particular geographic areas, expressed in the specialization of these areas in the production of particular types of industrial output, agricultural products, or services. It is a form of the social division of labor and obeys the laws of the latter’s development, which are determined by the method of production. The geographic (territorial) division of labor is directly related to the territorial location of public production to the extent that there is exchange of the results of productive activity among different areas.

By the territorial scope of economic relationships, geographic (territorial) division of labor is divided into the division of labor among particular populated points located within the boundaries of one region (local division of labor), among economic regions of different size (regional division of labor), and among countries (international division of labor). Regional and international division of labor under current conditions are complex in nature and usually encompass an enormous number of different types of products being exchanged. Single-commodity specialization or limitation to two or three types of output is encountered primarily in former or retained colonies.

In the socialist countries the geographic (territorial) division of labor is planned.

The appearance and development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor are conditioned by the economic effect produced by concentrating production in a particular area because of the general economic advantages of large-scale production or because of particularly favorable natural or economic conditions in the area. The influence of natural conditions is reflected most strongly in the specialization of areas in the extraction industry, agriculture, and tourism and health resorts.

The development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor is closely related to developing the transportation network and reducing the cost of transporting raw and processed materials, fuel, power, and finished output.


References in periodicals archive ?
Y aqui es donde hay que hacerse eco del unico documento que permite albergar esperanzas sobre, al menos la continuidad, del enfoque territorial, el borrador de propuesta que ha elaborado en estos ultimos meses la Comision Europea, sobre el Reglamento de Apoyo al Desarrollo Rural del FEADER (European Commission, 2011e).
La perspectiva transfronteriza tambien se incorpora en la ETE, pues a sus principios se suman, "en aras de una integracion europea mas profunda, la necesaria colaboracion en el ambito del desarrollo territorial entre los Estados miembros y entre sus autoridades regionales y locales, que deberan en el futuro colaborar por encima de las fronteras nacionales.
This meeting was also an opportunity for the tribal leaders to reiterate their mobilization behind HM King Mohammed VI, and to renew their support to the autonomy plan, while denouncing the positions of the enemies of the territorial integrity of the Kingdom and the acts of certain individuals to undermine the public order.
The ministry also said Turkey would continue to contribute to the efforts of the Iraqi government to enable a stable and prosperous Iraq, which had taken its political unity and territorial integrity under guarantee, which had been in peace within itself and the region and which was being ruled by democracy, to get the place it deserved in international arena.
The green paper on territorial cohesion stresses the need to build closer cooperation between territories.
In March 2007, Iranian naval forces seized 15 British sailors and marines in the Gulf, claiming they had entered Iran's territorial waters but Britain insisted they had been engaged in anti-smuggling operations in Iraqi waters.
Currently, in the ranks of the Territorial Defense Forces, it serves almost 8,000 soldiers, including around 6.
Not only this, Pakistan's work on getting territorial shelf extended by UN too has not been acknowledged.
De alli que prime el diseno y desarrollo de estrategias de comunicacion-accion en pro del acrecentamiento del talento territorial desde el desarrollo de su capacidad interpretativa que no solo conmueva al sujeto en su conciencia particular sino que tambien asociado en redes de subjetividad rompa con el aislamiento y la incertidumbre paradigmatica, construyendo nuevos paradigmas y modelos de actuacion colectiva unidos en el consenso de la diversidad de los intereses y perspectivas que confluyen en la comunidad de intereses que es el territorio.
BEIRUT: An Israeli navy boat violated Lebanon's territorial waters off the southern coast earlier this week, the Lebanese Army announced Friday.
TRIPOLI, Nov 1 (KUNA) - The interim government of Libya on Saturday night condemned the entry of three Italian vessels into the Libyan territorial waters without prior coordination.