Teschen


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Teschen

(tĕ`shən), Czech Tĕšín, Pol. Cieszyn, former principality (c.850 sq mi/2,200 sq km), now divided between the Czech Republic and Poland. Teschen was its chief town. A part of Silesia, the principality was under Bohemia from 1292 to 1625, when it came under Hapsburg rule. It remained part of Austria until 1918. Its important coal mines (the Karviná basin) and iron deposits and its strategic concentration of several major rail lines made it an object of dispute between Poland and Czechoslovakia, each of which claimed Teschen on ethnic grounds. After World War I the Conference of Ambassadors, a body formed to help implement the Versailles Treaty, divided (1920) Teschen, giving the western section, including the Karviná basin, to Czechoslovakia and the eastern agricultural section to Poland. The town of Teschen also was divided into a Polish section, Cieszyn, and a Czech section, Ceský Tĕšín. Poland, however, continued to claim the Czech section and seized it (Oct., 1938) after the Munich Pact. During World War II the entire region was annexed to Germany, but in 1945 the status quo as of 1920 was restored despite Polish claims.
References in periodicals archive ?
Years after their last meeting, renowned illusionist Eisenheim encounters his former sweetheart, the Duchess von Teschen, who is now engaged to a violent Crown Prince.
It is a reportable disease in Switzerland as well as in other European countries under the Teschen Disease Order in domestic and European Union legislation [10].
The Department of Animal Husbandry, Government of India accepted UK's Export Health Certificate for export of live swine after the British Government revised their certificate by declaring that the UK is free from African swine fever, Classical Swine Fever, swine vesicular disease Teschen disease and Aujeszky's disease in accordance with the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health code.
This deal would go nowhere, and partly because Poland had earlier taken advantage of a weakened post-Munich Czechoslovakia to seize the disputed Teschen region.
Classic Swine Fever and Teschen diseases cause more than $1 million of annual losses in the pig supply chains, and Newcastle disease costs more than $1.5 million in poultry losses.
Born the son of a cabinet maker, a romance in his youth with the upper class Sophie von Teschen (Jessica Biel) was doomed by their difference in social class.
It is especially fascinating in view of the fact that the Munich Pact of 1938 had dismembered Czechoslovakia, which rendered the Czechs powerless to stop the Poles, who, as one of the beneficiaries of the Munich Pact, seized the Teschen province of Czechoslovakia in October 1938.
It also seized Vilnia from Lithuania and Teschen from Czecholavakia.
The Prince attends a sold-out performance, where his fiancee Sophie von Teschen (Jessica Biel) reluctantly assists Eisenheim in the final illusion.
Determined to expose him as a fraud, Crown Prince Leopold (Rufus Sewell) even allows beautiful fiance Sophie von Teschen (a lovely Jessica Biel) to join Eisenheim on stage for an elaborate illusion.
So the Prince attends one of the illusionist's performances with his entourage, including his beautiful fiancee Sophie von Teschen (Jessica Biel) and wily police boss Uhl (Paul Giamatti).
He's quick to volunteer his fiancee Sophie von Teschen (Jessica Biel) as a guinea pig, not expecting the pair to recognise each other as childhood sweethearts.