Test Act

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Test Act,

1673, English statute that excluded from public office (both military and civil) all those who refused to take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, who refused to receive the communion according to the rites of the Church of England, or who refused to renounce belief in the Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation. Although directed primarily against Roman Catholics, it also excluded Protestant nonconformists. In 1678 it was extended to members of Parliament. The law was modified by the Act of Toleration of 1689, which enabled most non-Catholics to qualify. However, some Protestants did not conform and were disqualified from office until the repeal of the act at the time of Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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. See Penal LawsPenal Laws,
in English and Irish history, term generally applied to the body of discriminatory and oppressive legislation directed chiefly against Roman Catholics but also against Protestant nonconformists.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Test Act


a law enacted by Parliament in England in 1673. It required that all those holding or wishing to hold public office take an oath according to the rites of the English church and renounce Catholic dogma. The Test Act annulled the Declaration of Indulgence issued by Charles II in 1672. The declaration had been considered by the opposition bourgeois nobility to be a step toward the restoration of Catholicism, which was the instrument of the feudal absolutist reaction in the country. The Test Act was annulled by the Declarations of Indulgence issued by James II in 1687 and 1688, but its provisions were partially restored after the revolution of 1688–89 by the Act of Toleration of 1689.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Test Act 1678 ('Second Test Act') (17) went further.
Under the Corporation Act of 1661, dissenters were excluded from municipal, charitable, and commercial corporations, and, under the Test Act of 1673, Catholics and dissenters were disqualified from holding political or civil posts under the Crown.
The Test Act of 1673, barring from important office all who would not receive communion in their parish churches, confirmed the reality that nonconformists and Catholics alike were second-class citizens.
The passing of the Workhouse Test Act in1723, gave parishes the option of denying out-relief and offering claimants only the work house where the able-bodied were required work, usually without pay, in return for food and a roof over their heads.
The Nebraska Tractor Test Laboratory (NTTL) was established in 1920 in response to the Nebraska Tractor Test Act of 1919, which required all agricultural tractors sold and advertised in Nebraska to have manufacturers' performance claims verified by the Nebraska Tractor Test Lab.
Malcolm quotes Smilie's convention speech without placing his statement in the context of Smilie's earlier involvement with the Test Act controversy.
The Act of Uniformity, the Conventicle Act and the Test Act of 1673 were much more effective means of repressing dissent than the execution of the regicides.
In 1996, an even stronger law, the Omnibus Transportation Employee Test Act, became effective for all employers regulated by one or more of five U.S.
Congress Enacts TEST Act; CMS Follows With Proposed Changes to CLIA Proficiency Testing Rules
The court also directed the secretary, Delhi Medical Council, principal secretary ( health), Delhi government, and the deputy commissioner who is the competent authority under the Prenatal Determination Test Act, to raise awareness in public through its order.
Until 1829 Catholics were effectively prevented from holding public office in Nova Scotia because of the "Test Act," which required them to renounce their belief in the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist.