Test Act


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Test Act,

1673, English statute that excluded from public office (both military and civil) all those who refused to take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, who refused to receive the communion according to the rites of the Church of England, or who refused to renounce belief in the Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation. Although directed primarily against Roman Catholics, it also excluded Protestant nonconformists. In 1678 it was extended to members of Parliament. The law was modified by the Act of Toleration of 1689, which enabled most non-Catholics to qualify. However, some Protestants did not conform and were disqualified from office until the repeal of the act at the time of Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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. See Penal LawsPenal Laws,
in English and Irish history, term generally applied to the body of discriminatory and oppressive legislation directed chiefly against Roman Catholics but also against Protestant nonconformists.
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Test Act

 

a law enacted by Parliament in England in 1673. It required that all those holding or wishing to hold public office take an oath according to the rites of the English church and renounce Catholic dogma. The Test Act annulled the Declaration of Indulgence issued by Charles II in 1672. The declaration had been considered by the opposition bourgeois nobility to be a step toward the restoration of Catholicism, which was the instrument of the feudal absolutist reaction in the country. The Test Act was annulled by the Declarations of Indulgence issued by James II in 1687 and 1688, but its provisions were partially restored after the revolution of 1688–89 by the Act of Toleration of 1689.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Test Act 1678 ('Second Test Act') (17) went further.
Under the Corporation Act of 1661, dissenters were excluded from municipal, charitable, and commercial corporations, and, under the Test Act of 1673, Catholics and dissenters were disqualified from holding political or civil posts under the Crown.
The Nebraska Tractor Test Laboratory (NTTL) was established in 1920 in response to the Nebraska Tractor Test Act of 1919, which required all agricultural tractors sold and advertised in Nebraska to have manufacturers' performance claims verified by the Nebraska Tractor Test Lab.
Milton and Religious Controversy shows throughout an impressive command of the historical materials of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, from discussion of state acts such as the 1559 Elizabethan Compromise, to the 1672 Declaration of Indulgence and the 1673 Test Act and their effects on religious politics, to the integration of sermons, broadsheets, and iconographical items with discussion of passages in Paradise Lost.
Although he feared that federal control of the militia might disarm citizens, he showed no similar concern about his own state government -- which had done precisely that with its Test Act.
The Act of Uniformity, the Conventicle Act and the Test Act of 1673 were much more effective means of repressing dissent than the execution of the regicides.
In 1996, an even stronger law, the Omnibus Transportation Employee Test Act, became effective for all employers regulated by one or more of five U.
Widely supported by the lab community (including AMT, which sent letters of support to the bill's House and Senate sponsors), the TEST Act allows the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) discretion whether to revoke a facility's certificate; and in cases where the certificate is revoked, the law gives CMS discretion to impose intermediate sanctions on the lab owner rather than the strict two-year ban.
The court also directed the secretary, Delhi Medical Council, principal secretary ( health), Delhi government, and the deputy commissioner who is the competent authority under the Prenatal Determination Test Act, to raise awareness in public through its order.
To give just one example, Aitchison's reading of a 1708 publication, The Secret History of Mackbeth, King of Scotland, refers to the general context of Stuart absolutism and to a specific Scottish Test Act of 1681 against resistance.
In late July the TEST Act was introduced in the House by Rep.