As for the crops of the earth, he brings about want, scarcity and loss" (Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos
179-83); emphasis added.
Claudius Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos
and Almagest (Second Century, AD) were the standards of the day, but his planetary positions not accurate.
This verb occurs in only one other instance in Ptolemy's corpus, in Tetrabiblos
Section I includes a few classical sources in translation, including Herodotus's Histories, Hippocrates (from Airs, Waters, Places), Pliny's History of the World, and a translated section of Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos
. Section II excerpts from the King James Bible prohibitions against genetic mixing (such as Jacob's separating sheep from goats, and the injunction not to mix wool and linen), important references to bondslavery, and the jeremiad that an Ethiop cannot change his skin, Interestingly, the section does not include the references to Moses' Ethiopian wife (Numbers 12); the Queen of Sheba (Matt.
Obviously, the primary ancient source of the mythographic tradition is Ptolemy with his Tetrabiblos
. All the subsequent writings on the subject, starting with the Arabian and Persian treatises and including the medieval renderings, derive their mythographic lore from that source.
This is important as a geographical document in Arabic, drawing from Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos
and other sources.
The Arabic transmission of the Ptolemaic Tetrabiblos
made available an astrological work that was unconnected to the Stoic astrological fatalism that had always presented difficulties for Christian theology.