Tetragonolobus

Tetragonolobus

 

a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. These annual or perennial herbs have decumbent stems and ternate leaves. The yellow or purple flowers reach 3 cm in length and are borne singly or in groups of two to four on a long peduncle. The fruit is a four-angled pod. There are six species, distributed in Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa. The USSR has two species: T. maritimus and T. purpureus. The former grows predominantly in coastal meadows in the western European portion, the Crimea, and the Caucasus. T. purpureus (formerly T. siliquosus) is found in damp meadows in the Crimea and the Caucasus. It is sometimes cultivated in Western Europe, where its young pods are used as food and its roasted seeds are used as a coffee substitute.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fungicidal effect and oral acute toxicity of Psophocarpus tetragonolobus root extract.
Guar gum, galactomannan is a non-gelling neutral polysaccharide composed of a linear (1- 4)-b-D-mannan backbone, mainly obtained from the endosperm of many leguminous seeds like Cyamopsis tetragonolobus L.
Guar gum is a water soluble polysaccharide derived from the seeds of Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, family of Leguminosae.
The in vitro performance allowed to conclude that the length of roots and the size of leaves were significantly higher in the media solidified with agar/guar galactomannans (GMs) extracted from seeds of a native Brazilian specie designated Cassia fastuosa (cassia) and from Cyamopsis tetragonolobus (guar guma commercial GM) were mixed with agar (Jain and Babbar, 2005), in the proportion of 3/3gL-1 (w/w), and used as a gelling agent in Marubakaido apple rootstock (Malus prunifolia Borkh) micropropagation.
A comparison of binding specificities of lectins from Ulex Europius and Lotus Tetragonolobus.
ternatea defensins were found clustered with other tribe Phaseoleae species such as Phaseolus vulgaris, Vigna radiata, Glycine max and Psophocarpus tetragonolobus.
ademas de un amplio cortejo de taxones como Cirsium monspessulanun, Tetragonolobus maritimus, Lysimachia ephemerum, Prunella vulgaris, Senecio doria, o especies de Orchis, Pulicaria, Hypericum, Euphorbia, Linum, Ranunculus, Trifolium, Mentha, Galium, etc.
Guar gum known as guar flour is natural water soluble nonionic polysaccharides isolated from the seeds of Cyamopsis tetragonolobus (Linn, Family leguminous).
So far, four types of fiber have shown cholesterol reduction: psyllium fiber (Plantago ovata/Plantago psyllium); pectin from citrus and other fruits; galactomannan or guar gum from the Cyamopsis tetragonolobus tree; and (1,3)(1,4)-beta-D-glucans from cereal grain cell walls.
19] also observed similar reduction trend in peroxide value after refining in Psophocarpus tetragonolobus.
30 Other species: Dactylorhiza maculata 2 in 5 and + in 8; Agrostis stolonifera and Juncus subnodulosus 1 in 2; Juncus acutiflorus and Phragmites australis 1 and Phleum bertolonii + in 3; Scirpoides holoschoenus 1 in 4; Taraxacum vulgare + in 5; Galium verum and Polygala vulgaris 1, Dactylorhiza elata, Juncus conglomeratus, Leontodon carpetanus and Tetragonolobus maritimus + in 6; Danthonia decumbens + in 8; Trifolium repens and Cardamine castellana 1 in 9; Leontodon hispidus 1 in 10.