Tetraodontiformes


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Tetraodontiformes

[¦te·trə·ō‚dänt·ə′fȯr‚mēz]
(vertebrate zoology)
An order of specialized teleost fishes that includes the triggerfishes, puffers, trunkfishes, and ocean sunfishes.

Tetraodontiformes

 

an order of bony fishes. The bones of the upper jaw are firmly joined together or fused. The teeth form a strong beak. The body, which varies greatly in shape, ranges in length from 4 cm (Triacanthadidae) to 2.5 m or more (ocean sunfish). The scales have been converted into spines or scutes. Some species, including the porcupinefish and the puffer, have a special abdominal outgrowth filled with water or air that inflates the entire body when attacked by a predator.

The order Tetraodontiformes has four suborders: Balistoidei, Ostraciontoidei, Tetrodontoidei, and Moloidei. There are 11 families, with about 100 species, distributed in all oceans in tropical and subtropical coastal and open waters; only a few species occur in fresh waters. The fishes feed on bottom invertebrates, specifically, reef-forming coral polyps, pelagic crustaceans, squid, and various fishes. Their diet occasionally includes algae. Many species of the family Balistidae and the suborder Tetrodon-toidei are toxic, because tetrodotoxin is present in the skin, peritoneum, liver, and gonads. However, the meat of these fishes is highly valued in many countries.

A. P. ANDRIIASHEV and A. V. NEELOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Nishida, "Multiplex PCR-based genotyping of mitochondrial DNA from two species of ocean sunfish from the genus Mola (Tetraodontiformes: Molidae) found in Japanese waters," Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, vol.
Reproductive cycle and sexual maturity of Sphoeroides annulatus (Jenyns, 1842) (Tetraodontiformes, Tetraodontidae) from the coast of Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Pufferfish inflation: functional morphology of postcranial structures in Diodon holocanlhus (Tetraodontiformes).
Vol 2: Scorpaeniformes to Tetraodontiformes. College Station: University of Texas Press, pp.
eigenmanni (Van der Stigchel, 1946) TETRAODONTIFORMES Tetraodontidae Colomesus psittacus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Family TL (cm) Cs min-max CHARACIFORMES Anostomidae 20.5-32 A(3 Mc) 23-26 A(3 Tc) Characidae 8-12 C(2, 3 Tc) - O(2 Tc) 12.8 A(3 Tc) 7 O(3 Mc) 19-24.5 A(3 Mc) Ctenoluciidae 31.5-37.5 A(2 Tc) Curimatidae 11-16.2 C(3 Tc) A(3 Mc) Cynodontidae 34 A(3 Tc) Erythrinidae 23-25.5 A(1, 3 Tc) Hemiodontidae 19.5-23 O(2 Tc) CLUPEIFORMES Engraulididae 7.8-16.8 A(1, 2 Mc) 7-11 A(3 Mc; 3 Tc) O(1 Mc) 19.4-22.5 A(3 Tc).
Vol 2: Scorpaeniformes to Tetraodontiformes. University of Texas Press.
& NAVAS, G., 2003.--Nuevos registros de peces oseos para el Caribe colombiano de los ordenes Beryciformes, Zeiformes, Perciformes y Tetraodontiformes. Bol.
A phylogeny of the families of fossil and extant tetraodontiform fishes (Acanthomorpha, Tetraodontiformes), Upper Cretaceous to Recent.