Teutoburg Forest


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Teutoburg Forest,

Ger. Teutoburger Wald, hilly range, in NW Germany, stretching roughly between Osnabrück and Paderborn. It is forested, and it rises to 1,465 ft (447 m) S of Detmold. Near Detmold is a monument (the Hermannsdenkmal ) commemorating the victory (A.D. 9) of the Germans under Arminius (or Hermann, in modern German) over the Roman legions under Varus. The war (late 8th cent.) between Charlemagne and the Saxon Widukind took place in this region.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Teutoburg Forest

 

(Teutoburger Wald), a low-mountain ridge in the Federal Republic of Germany, between the valleys of the Weser and Ems rivers. The ridge is about 80 km long, with elevations to 447 m; it is composed of sandstones and limestones. Beech forests and spruce and fir forests grow on the slopes.

In the autumn of A.D. 9, Germanic tribes led by Arminius, chief of the Cherusci, annihilated three legions of Varus, the Roman governor general of the province of Germany, in a three-day battle in the Teutoburg Forest; 27,000 Romans were killed in the battle. Arminius, who had enjoyed the confidence of the Romans, lured the Roman troops into the heart of the forest on the pretext of putting down an uprising by one of the Germanic tribes and in a surprise attack routed the Romans. The Romans were subsequently forced to halt their advance beyond the right bank of the Rhine and to move the boundary of the Roman state back to the Rhine and Danube.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
SJ, Swabian Jura; BF, Bavarian Forest; SF, Spessart Forest; NEH, North East Hesse; TF, Teutoburg Forest; ML, Munsterland.
He caused a rumor to reach Varus that two German towns east of Teutoburg Forest had openly revolted against Rome.
East of the Rhine, in Teutoburg Forest, is Kalkriese Hill.
In 1839, construction commenced on the Hermannsdenkmal, a large statue of Hermann atop a pavilion near Detmold in the Teutoburg Forest. A similar statue and pavilion can be seen on a hill west of New Ulm, a German community in central Minnesota, called the "Hermann Heights Monument" but better known to local residents as "Hermann the German." Standing atop the monument with his sword held aloft, Hermann defiantly faces east toward Rome (and also toward Washington, D.C.!).
Lewis Lapham suggests that the Romans could have avoided defeat in the Teutoburg Forest, a weak piece compared to Barry Strauss's careful analysis of the effect of Valens defeating the Visigoths at Adrianople, and also the Muslims winning at Poitiers.
Rome's military setbacks, during the seven and a half centuries between her founding and the destruction of the legions of Varro by the Germans at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest in 9 A.D., were few and memorable.