Teutoburg Forest

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Teutoburg Forest,

Ger. Teutoburger Wald, hilly range, in NW Germany, stretching roughly between Osnabrück and Paderborn. It is forested, and it rises to 1,465 ft (447 m) S of Detmold. Near Detmold is a monument (the Hermannsdenkmal ) commemorating the victory (A.D. 9) of the Germans under Arminius (or Hermann, in modern German) over the Roman legions under Varus. The war (late 8th cent.) between Charlemagne and the Saxon Widukind took place in this region.

Teutoburg Forest

 

(Teutoburger Wald), a low-mountain ridge in the Federal Republic of Germany, between the valleys of the Weser and Ems rivers. The ridge is about 80 km long, with elevations to 447 m; it is composed of sandstones and limestones. Beech forests and spruce and fir forests grow on the slopes.

In the autumn of A.D. 9, Germanic tribes led by Arminius, chief of the Cherusci, annihilated three legions of Varus, the Roman governor general of the province of Germany, in a three-day battle in the Teutoburg Forest; 27,000 Romans were killed in the battle. Arminius, who had enjoyed the confidence of the Romans, lured the Roman troops into the heart of the forest on the pretext of putting down an uprising by one of the Germanic tribes and in a surprise attack routed the Romans. The Romans were subsequently forced to halt their advance beyond the right bank of the Rhine and to move the boundary of the Roman state back to the Rhine and Danube.