Tewodros II

Tewodros II

or

Theodore II,

1818–68, emperor of Ethiopia (1855–68), originally named Kasa or Lij Kasa. He was a commoner and a bold and clever warrior. He seized control of his native province, Kawara (in NW Ethiopia), in 1842 and steadily fought his way to the throne. At first he attempted to abolish slavery and to encourage trade. In his last years, however, he became unrestrainedly cruel. In 1868, embroiled in a dispute with Great Britain over his imprisonment of British subjects, he committed suicide after being defeated near MagdalaMagdala
, former name of Amba Mariam
, village, Amhara region, central Ethiopia. Emperor Tewodros II (Theodore II) in the mid-19th cent. used Magdala as the base of operations for his conquest of the surrounding Oromo territory.
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 by a British rescue force under Robert C. NapierNapier, Robert Cornelis, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala
, 1810–90, British general. In the engineering service in India, he fought in the Sikh Wars (1845–49) and took part in the relief of Lucknow (1857) during
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
This history cum biography is focused on one of Queen Victoria's 'little wars', this one set in Ethiopia and centred on King Tewodros II who rose to power in mid-century.
Among the most important items are a gold crown and chalice belonging to Emperor Tewodros II, some 350 manuscripts, ten tabots, or altar slabs, and religious crosses.
A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central Highlands from Early Medieval Times to the Rise of Emperor Tewodros II.