Tewodros II

Tewodros II

or

Theodore II,

1818–68, emperor of Ethiopia (1855–68), originally named Kasa or Lij Kasa. He was a commoner and a bold and clever warrior. He seized control of his native province, Kawara (in NW Ethiopia), in 1842 and steadily fought his way to the throne. At first he attempted to abolish slavery and to encourage trade. In his last years, however, he became unrestrainedly cruel. In 1868, embroiled in a dispute with Great Britain over his imprisonment of British subjects, he committed suicide after being defeated near MagdalaMagdala
, former name of Amba Mariam
, village, Amhara region, central Ethiopia. Emperor Tewodros II (Theodore II) in the mid-19th cent. used Magdala as the base of operations for his conquest of the surrounding Oromo territory.
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 by a British rescue force under Robert C. NapierNapier, Robert Cornelis, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala
, 1810–90, British general. In the engineering service in India, he fought in the Sikh Wars (1845–49) and took part in the relief of Lucknow (1857) during
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
The original piece, named "Sebastopol" after a battle in the Crimean War, was commissioned by the modernising Emperor Tewodros II in an early attempt to speed up the country's progress.
The United Kingdom's National Army Museum is reportedly set to return a braid of hair from Ethiopia's Emperor Tewodros II, looted after he killed himself following British invasion in 1868.
It's not a traditional painting or sculpture, but two locks of hair belonging to Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia.
Emperor Tewodros II is considered the first modern ruler of Ethiopia.
Tewodros II reached out to Queen Victoria and the British Empire for help.
The National Army Museum in London has agreed to repatriate the hair -- cut from the head of the dead Emperor Tewodros II in 1868 -- to be interred in the Emperor's tomb in Ethiopia.
Emperor Tewodros II took his own life after his defeat by British troops at the Battle of Magdala in northern Ethiopia in 1868.
The Ethiopian Embassy in Britain "welcomes and commends the unanimous decision by the Trustees of the National Army Museum to return locks of hair belonging to Ethiopia's Emperor Tewodros II," it said a statement.
In 1857, the owner of this locket, Abyssinia's new emperor, Tewodros II, wrote to Queen Victoria suggesting their two countries should be friends.
Among the most important items are a gold crown and chalice belonging to Emperor Tewodros II, some 350 manuscripts, ten tabots, or altar slabs, and religious crosses.
A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central Highlands from Early Medieval Times to the Rise of Emperor Tewodros II. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University.
But Ethiopia has a long history of being led by authoritarian strongmen figures--before Meles Zenawi it was the military dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam and before him Emperor Haile Selassie, continuing back to the 19th century and Emperor Tewodros II, who began building the empire that became modern Ethiopia.