First developed in 1987, the Text Encoding Initiative
(TEI), which refers both to the set of guidelines used for textual markup as well as the international consortium that maintains the guidelines, is currently the recommended standard of text encoding for digital scholarly texts in the humanities ("TEI: History").
Another standard is that developed by the Text Encoding Initiative
(TEI), which together with that of the ETD project of Virginia Tech, provides a choice of DTD.
* Text Encoding Initiative
Home Page of the TEI project for text encoding
As well, for users wishing to make use of more recently released texts encoded by the standards of the Text Encoding Initiative
, NVivo's ability to read SGML or XML encoded data is an important feature that may prove to be extremely useful in the years to come.
In order to achieve the appropriate balance between "getting the whole text" and "nothing but the text" (28), one must first understand what a text is, to which Renear gives the answer: an "Ordered Hierarchy of Content Objects" or OCHO (27)--a textual ontology that has been used to support strategies such as the Text Encoding Initiative
Diversity of data content is not tied exclusively to the existence of different data formats (e.g., raster graphics, ASCII texts, GIS) and metadata schemes (e.g., the Text Encoding Initiative
's [TEI] Header, the VRA core, the metadata standards recommended by the Federal Geographic Data Committee--FGDC) but to the fact that there are few common implementations of any single format or scheme.
Fortunately for scholars interested in preparing and studying electronic texts, guidelines for applying such encoding are available as a result of the efforts of the Text Encoding Initiative
When Samuel Daniel projected a hypothetical linguistic imperialism, he may have envisioned something like the nineteenth-century empire and Dickens, but he could not possibly have envisioned an International Text Encoding Initiative
or Robert Coover's interactive novels.
The Text Encoding Initiative
, an internationally-funded effort to standardize the way we describe texts electronically, is our Royal Academy.
In fact, the Association for Computers and the Humanities, The Association for Literary and Linguist Computing, and the Association for Computational Linguistics have joined to sponsor something called the Text Encoding Initiative
The significance of this project can be equated with that of the Text Encoding Initiative
And while AACR2 is a metadata standard (Smiraglia, 2005), when metadata standards and schemes are mentioned today, more than likely reference is being made to metadata schemes such as Government Information Locator Service (GILS), Encoded Archival Description (EAD), Text Encoding Initiative
(TEI), or Dublin Core, to name several examples.