Théâtres des Boulevards

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Théâtres des Boulevards

 

Parisian theaters located on the Grands Boulevards, which were laid out in the second half of the 17th and the 18th centuries. The first theatres des boulevards, successors to the théâtres des foires (théâtres of street fairs), dated from the mid-18th century. The most famous were the Ambigu-Comique, the Varietés Amüsantes, the Gaité, the Porte St. Martin, the Funambules, and the Renaissance.

In the 18th century the théâtres des boulevards staged pantomimes, parades (sketches performed on a balcony), harlequinades, vaudevilles, and comic operas, in which the actors ridiculed the manners of the upper classes and sympathetically depicted the common people. During the French Revolution they developed the genres of melodrama and vaudeville, and in the first half of the 19th century they reflected the people’s opposition to the ruling circles.

Outstanding actors and actresses of the democratic theater who appeared in the théâtres des boulevards included J.-B. G. Debureau, Frédérick-Lemaitre, M. Dorval, and P. Bocage. In the 20th century the théâtres des boulevards became ordinary commercial theaters.

REFERENCE

Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vols. 2–3. Moscow, 1957–63.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.