Thai language


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Thai language

(tī), formerly Siamese, member of the Tai or Thai subfamily of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages (see Sino-Tibetan languagesSino-Tibetan languages,
family of languages spoken by over a billion people in central and SE Asia. This linguistic family is second only to the Indo-European stock in the number of its speakers.
..... Click the link for more information.
). The official language of Thailand, Thai is spoken by approximately 50 million people in Thailand, Vietnam, and the Yunnan province of China. It has several dialects. Although most of the words are monosyllables, a number of them are polysyllabic. Because there is no inflection, word order is important for showing grammatical relationships. The Thai language is also tonal, and the tones serve to distinguish meanings of words otherwise pronounced alike. There are five tones: high, middle, low, rising, and falling. Over the centuries Thai has borrowed many words from Chinese, Khmer, Pali, Sanskrit, and, more recently, from European languages such as French and English. The Thai language has its own alphabet, which ultimately goes back to a script of S India and which was adopted in the 13th cent. A.D. Thai is written from left to right.

Bibliography

See E. M. Anthony et al., Foundations of Thai (1968); U. Warotamasikkhadit, Thai Syntax: An Outline (1972); M. R. Haas and H. R. Subhanka, Spoken Thai (1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thai (Siamese) Language

 

the language of the Khon Thais in Thailand; the official language of Thailand. Thai belongs to the Thai group of languages; its deeper genetic links have not been established. There are four dialects: central (the basis of the literary language), northern, northeastern, and southern.

Structurally, Thai is a syllabic language. The syllable generally corresponds to the morpheme and is thus the basic structural unit, characterized by a specific tone. Thai has five tones that serve to distinguish meaning. Phonologically, there are 20 consonants and 24 vowel phonemes, of which 18 are monophthongs and six are diphthongs. The vowels are paired according to length and shortness. Word formation occurs chiefly by means of compounding. Morphologically, Thai is an analytic language; the grammatical meaning of the content word is transmitted by auxiliary words.

Typologically, Thai belongs to the root-isolating languages. The written language, established in 1283, derives from southern Indian script, probably through Khmer writing.

REFERENCES

Morev, L. N., Iu. Ia. Plam, and M. F. Fomicheva. Taiskii iazyk. Moscow, 1961.
Noss, R. B. Thai: Reference Grammar. Washington, D.C., 1964.

L. N. MOREV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
PSU has closely investigated around 100 million words of the Thai language data gathered from various social media, and constructed a large-scale, highly accurate Thai sentiment dictionary, making it one of the leading research institutions in the field of Thai language processing.
But he also coined much of the terminology without which discussion, in the Thai language and among Thais, of their national politics would be impossible even today.
The Thai Language and Cultural School in Qatar recently organised the Wai Kru ceremony for Thai students studying here to pay respects to their teachers.
The Thai language was selected from Lotus speech corpus [28].
The result of Backward Translation will be poetry in Thai language. Figure 6 will present the system flowchart that start from Forward Translation L1 to L2 and Backward
These younger scholars and students do have a great advantage over those who rely only on this dictionary to start research projects or to quickly check names and dates--comprehensiveness and the Thai language. If students do not read Thai, then this historical dictionary provides a wealth of information, but if they can read Thai, this dictionary is seriously lacking in detail and comprehensiveness.
Research on Thai language processing and expert systems was then concentrated on at the laboratory.
This study intends to find out the ability of learners to memorize the vocabulary in the Thai language.The learning website was actually developed for business purposes.
Cat runs the place, assisted ably by Tui Ntivathananont, who organises the food, does the school runs and mentors the kids in Thai language and culture (among other things).
Some applications use Thai language examples, but the techniques are not restricted to a single language.
Be Strong" in the Thai language, is an all natural meal replacement cleansing program designed to help rid the body of toxins, jumpstart weight loss, improve digestion, bolster immunity, relieve bloating, and improve skin and hair quality.
Friends in Texas told US media that Alexis had an interest in Buddhism and was conversant in the Thai language and had thought about moving to Asia.

Full browser ?