Than Shwe


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Than Shwe

(thän shwā), 1933–, Burmese soldier and military dictator of Myanmar. He joined the army in 1953, attended training school, and became a commissioned officer. In 1963 he was named an instructor in the ideological training school operated by the Burmese Socialist Program party, the nation's only political party. Rising in the army ranks, he became (1980) commander of an infantry division and (1983) head of a regional command. Promoted (1985) to major general, he was an important figure in the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC; since 1997 the State Peace and Development Council, SPDC), the umbrella organization of the military junta that seized control of the government after the resignation (1988) of Ne WinNe Win, U
, 1911–2002, Burmese soldier and political leader. He abandoned his original name, Shu Maung, in 1941 when he joined a Japanese-supported nationalist military group. Becoming commander of the Burmese Independence Army in 1943, he later turned against the Japanese.
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. Than Shwe was promoted to full general in 1990, and in 1992 he became chairman of SLORC (and thus leader of the ruling junta) and prime minister. After coming to power, he released a number of political prisoners and instituted several reforms, but none led to a more democratic government, and repression continued. He stepped down as prime minister in 2003 but continued as SPDC chairman and armed forces commander until Thein SeinThein Sein
, 1945–, Burmese general and political leader. A graduate of the Defense Services Academy, he commanded an infantry battalion and later served under strongman Than Shwe when he was military commander-in-chief.
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's government took office in 2011. Than Shwe was nonetheless believed to remain very influential, reportedly as head of the extraconstitutional State Supreme Council.
References in periodicals archive ?
Suu Kyi met secretly on Friday with the former strongman Than Shwe, a psychological warfare expert turned junta supremo, who faded from the public eye after transferring power to a reformist, quasi-civilian government in 2011.
But Thein Sein, once the prot`g` of the former dictator Than Shwe, has been falling out of favour: The generals think he kowtows to the West and is too soft on ethnic armed groups.
A rescue mission in the mining town of Phakant was called off late Thursday after a search team recovered four bodies, including those of two women, local government official Than Shwe said, adding that no other people had officially been reported missing so far.
Treasury said Thein Sein has supported far-reaching reforms in Myanmar since taking office in 2011 after the country's former strongman leader, Than Shwe, retired.
Than Shwe, who was chairman of the State Peace and Development Council at the time.
Than Shwe, the General who has ruled Burma since 1992, did not run for the President and it remains unclear what role he will play in the future.
Armed forces commanderin-chief Than Shwe - a fan of the club - was urged to bid by his grandson, according to a leaked cable from the US embassy in Rangoon.
Myanmar has announced that its military leader, Than Shwe, will not stand in the country's upcoming elections, a diplomat at an Asian summit in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, has said.
There were conflicting reports about whether the top two junta leaders - Senior General Than Shwe and his second-in-command, General Maung Aye - also stepped down from the military while retaining their respective posts as the junta's chairman and vice chairman.
Summary: Burma's top military leader Than Shwe agrees to release an American jailed for visiting opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
Myanmar's military chief Than Shwe apparently did not reject any of Ban's proposals for reform, including the release of political prisoners, and he allowed Ban to convey in no uncertain terms the international community's concerns about Myanmar's progress toward democracy.
Mr Ban's comments came after a crucial two-hour meeting yesterday with the junta leader, Senior General Than Shwe.