Than Shwe


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Than Shwe

(thän shwā), 1933–, Burmese soldier and military dictator of Myanmar. He joined the army in 1953, attended training school, and became a commissioned officer. In 1963 he was named an instructor in the ideological training school operated by the Burmese Socialist Program party, the nation's only political party. Rising in the army ranks, he became (1980) commander of an infantry division and (1983) head of a regional command. Promoted (1985) to major general, he was an important figure in the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC; since 1997 the State Peace and Development Council, SPDC), the umbrella organization of the military junta that seized control of the government after the resignation (1988) of Ne WinNe Win, U
, 1911–2002, Burmese soldier and political leader. He abandoned his original name, Shu Maung, in 1941 when he joined a Japanese-supported nationalist military group. Becoming commander of the Burmese Independence Army in 1943, he later turned against the Japanese.
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. Than Shwe was promoted to full general in 1990, and in 1992 he became chairman of SLORC (and thus leader of the ruling junta) and prime minister. After coming to power, he released a number of political prisoners and instituted several reforms, but none led to a more democratic government, and repression continued. He stepped down as prime minister in 2003 but continued as SPDC chairman and armed forces commander until Thein SeinThein Sein
, 1945–, Burmese general and political leader. A graduate of the Defense Services Academy, he commanded an infantry battalion and later served under strongman Than Shwe when he was military commander-in-chief.
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's government took office in 2011. Than Shwe was nonetheless believed to remain very influential, reportedly as head of the extraconstitutional State Supreme Council.
References in periodicals archive ?
Than Shwe confirmed that elections will be held in the country this year.
Ban pushed Than Shwe to release all political prisoners and hold talks with the detained Nobel Peace laureate Suu Kyi when they met in the bunker-like capital Naypyidaw on the first day of his visit on Friday.
Than Shwe, in which she said she is ready to cooperate with the junta on lifting international sanctions imposed on Myanmar.
I'm deeply disappointed," Ban said on Saturday after a 30-minute meeting with Than Shwe, Myanmar's junta leader.
Than Shwe in Myanmar's administrative capital Naypyitaw Sunday and discussed bilateral issues, official sources said.
7 regarding an earlier letter Suu Kyi sent to Than Shwe in which she said she was ready to assist in convincing the international community to lift economic and other sanctions imposed on Myanmar.
While in Myanmar, Webb met with Myanmar's top general, Than Shwe, on Saturday and achieved the release of Yettaw, 53, who was sentenced to seven years in prison for illegally swimming across a lake to Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's home last May.
Than Shwe on Saturday morning after meeting with No.
Than Shwe on Saturday morning in the administrative capital Naypyitaw, about 400 kilometers north of Yangon.
Than Shwe at the country's administrative capital Naypyitaw on Tuesday, state TV and radio reported.
Than Shwe at the country's administrative capital Naypyitaw, a state-run newspaper reported Monday.
Than Shwe, urged political parties Friday to abide by the Constitution adopted last year and to avoid ''inciting unrest'' before a general election planned for next year.