Than Shwe


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Than Shwe

(thän shwā), 1933–, Burmese soldier and military dictator of Myanmar. He joined the army in 1953, attended training school, and became a commissioned officer. In 1963 he was named an instructor in the ideological training school operated by the Burmese Socialist Program party, the nation's only political party. Rising in the army ranks, he became (1980) commander of an infantry division and (1983) head of a regional command. Promoted (1985) to major general, he was an important figure in the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC; since 1997 the State Peace and Development Council, SPDC), the umbrella organization of the military junta that seized control of the government after the resignation (1988) of Ne WinNe Win, U
, 1911–2002, Burmese soldier and political leader. He abandoned his original name, Shu Maung, in 1941 when he joined a Japanese-supported nationalist military group. Becoming commander of the Burmese Independence Army in 1943, he later turned against the Japanese.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Than Shwe was promoted to full general in 1990, and in 1992 he became chairman of SLORC (and thus leader of the ruling junta) and prime minister. After coming to power, he released a number of political prisoners and instituted several reforms, but none led to a more democratic government, and repression continued. He stepped down as prime minister in 2003 but continued as SPDC chairman and armed forces commander until Thein SeinThein Sein
, 1945–, Burmese general and political leader. A graduate of the Defense Services Academy, he commanded an infantry battalion and later served under strongman Than Shwe when he was military commander-in-chief.
..... Click the link for more information.
's government took office in 2011. Than Shwe was nonetheless believed to remain very influential, reportedly as head of the extraconstitutional State Supreme Council.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Since the elections, she has also met Lower House speaker Thura U Than Shwe, President U Thein Sein and Army Commander-in-Chief, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.
Suu Kyi met secretly on Friday with the former strongman Than Shwe, a psychological warfare expert turned junta supremo, who faded from the public eye after transferring power to a reformist, quasi-civilian government in 2011.
It is supposed that Shwe Mann's eagerness to shape ties with Suu Kyi displeased many hardliners in the ruling USDP including ex-Senior-General Than Shwe, who seems to be kept an eye on political developments in Burma after a half-century of military rule.
But Thein Sein, once the prot`g` of the former dictator Than Shwe, has been falling out of favour: The generals think he kowtows to the West and is too soft on ethnic armed groups.
A rescue mission in the mining town of Phakant was called off late Thursday after a search team recovered four bodies, including those of two women, local government official Than Shwe said, adding that no other people had officially been reported missing so far.
Treasury said Thein Sein has supported far-reaching reforms in Myanmar since taking office in 2011 after the country's former strongman leader, Than Shwe, retired.
In 1992, the Chairman of the SLORC, Senior General Saw Manng, was forced to retire after suffering a nervous breakdown and his Vice-Chairman, Senior General Than Shwe, took over as leader of the government.
Than Shwe, who was chairman of the State Peace and Development Council at the time.
Thein Sein is an ally of Top General Than Shwe. His Vice-Presidents will be Tin Aung Myint Oo and Sai Mauk Kham.
Armed forces commanderin-chief Than Shwe - a fan of the club - was urged to bid by his grandson, according to a leaked cable from the US embassy in Rangoon.
22 -- WHEN I received an invitation to attend the release in India of the book, 'Than Shwe: Unmasking of Burma's Tyrant' by Benedict Rogers, I decided to attend the function, for I wanted to listen to a person who has visited Myanmar 30 times, unlike some of the refugees in Delhi who have only hazy memories of their motherland.
Myanmar has announced that its military leader, Than Shwe, will not stand in the country's upcoming elections, a diplomat at an Asian summit in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, has said.