Thanlwin

Thanlwin

(thänlwēn`) or

Salween

(săl'wēn`), Chin. Nu Jiang, Tibetan Chiama Ngu Chu, river of SE Asia, c.1,750 mi (2,820 km) long, rising in E Tibet region of China, and flowing SE through Yunnan prov. in deep, narrow gorges parallel to the Mekong, Chang, and Ayeyarwady rivers, into Myanmar, where it cuts through the Shan Plateau and Karenni Hills and then empties into the Gulf of Martaban, E Myanmar, near Mawlamyine. Because of rapids, it is navigable only for about 75 mi (120 km) upstream. Flowing through gorges for nearly its entire length, the Thanlwin is an obstacle to east-west transportation; it is crossed by the Burma RoadBurma Road,
in China and Myanmar, extending from the railhead of Lashio, Myanmar, to Kunming, Yunnan prov., China. About 700 mi (1,130 km) long and constructed through rough mountain country, it was a remarkable engineering achievement.
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 and several road ferries. The river's depth varies c.65 ft (20 m) between wet and dry seasons, making it useless except for floating logs downstream. In the 21st cent. both Myanmar and China proposed building a string of hydropower dams along the river's course; in Myanmar the preliminary work at proposed dam sites aggravated tensions between ethnic minorities and the government.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(12) He grew up in a small, rural Buddhist Plong Karen village near Myaing Gyi Ngu on the Thanlwin River in an area controlled by the Karen National Union.
Known as the Nu river in China, it is called Thanlwin in Burmese - but was pronounced 'Salween by the British colonialists who arrived in 1824.
The rising floodwaters broke the banks of the Thanlwin river in parts.
A Myanmar government commission reviewing the project - as well as other proposed hydropower dams, including several on the Thanlwin river - is expected to report by Nov.
Bird et al., "A preliminary estimate of organic carbon transport by the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) and Thanlwin (Salween) Rivers of Myanmar", Quaternary International vol.
Three people were killed and two others injured when ethnic Kayin rebels attacked a boat on the Thanlwin River in eastern Myanmar on Tuesday, state-run newspapers in Myanmar reported Wednesday.
Coherence to this variety is provided by the courses of three great rivers, the Chindwin, Ayeyarwaddy and Thanlwin.
The duo said a Japanese-financed dam on the Salween (Thanlwin) River in Shan State -- the only major free-flowing river left in Southeast Asia -- has led the junta to intensify its local military operations, forcing more than 300,000 people to relocate.
In Spirit Cave, on the upper course of the Thanlwin River, he discovered preserved plant materials dated by radiocarbon to 7,000 BC.
YANGON - Three people were killed and two others injured when ethnic Kayin rebels attacked a boat on the Thanlwin River in eastern Myanmar on Tuesday, state-run newspapers in Myanmar reported Wednesday.