Thar


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thar

 

a desert and semidesert plain in India and Pakistan, situated along the left bank of the Indus River. The Thar extends from north to south for 850 km and has an area of approximately 300,000 sq km. It is composed of sands of alluvial, marine, or eolian origin overlying ancient sandstones that emerge on the surface in some places. Overgrown sand ridges and parabolic and oar-shaped dunes predominate, and barchans are also encountered. Human activities were responsible, in part, for the further growth of the desert. The climate is tropical, and annual precipitation, most of which falls during the summer monsoon season, varies from 90 mm in the west to 200 mm in the east. Dust storms are frequent.

Small lakes, salt marshes, and takyrs are found in the depressions between sand ridges. There is abundant subterranean water, which is saline in some areas. The sparse vegetation consists of psammophilic shrubs (Leptadenia pirotechnica, Capparis, Calligonum) and occasional acacias and coarse grasses. There is grazing of livestock, and irrigation agriculture is practiced in the oases and in the Indus valley.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Our ultimate aim is to make Sindh greener and Thar has great potential to become greener, despite being a drought hit region,' he added.
Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company also about briefed the prime minister about mining in Thar.
Utilizing the Thar coal, power units were being installed in different phases to cope with the country's power needs.
It was told that Thar coal reserves of 175 billion tonnes had the power production capacity equivalent to 50 billion tonnes of oil and 2,000 trillion cusec feet gas.
One that the NED University does not have any mining department, two, it does not have any geographical proximity with Thar and, three, Thari candidates do not have their seat allocation in this university.
To all of us, Thar Coal is an oasis in the desert; I wish it ended all the mirages and miseries of Thari people.
"Therefore, I have directed Sindh government to pay monthly electricity bill of domestic power consumers of Islamkot from its resources," he said and in the next phase a similar facility would be extended to rest of the Thar area.
The Thar coal power projects have already brought prosperity to the people of Thar and after power generation, its benefits would further trickle down to the whole of the province and the country.Under the inauguration plan, the coal to be lifted from the coal mine, Block-II and would be poured in the boilers of power plants to generate electricity and the produced power would be pumped in the national grid laid through transmission line made from Thar to Matiari.
He said Thar Coal Block-II has the capacity of producing five thousand megawatts of electricity which will be available on low rates.
Critics say that the federal government has deliberately created the power shortage by not taking serious initiative for the development of Thar coal resources for power generation.
The sprawling desert of Thar became the centre of scientific creativity as the talent and interest of students of remote and small city of Mithi stunned visitors at the two-day Science Festival which ended Thursday.