Thar


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

Thar

 

a desert and semidesert plain in India and Pakistan, situated along the left bank of the Indus River. The Thar extends from north to south for 850 km and has an area of approximately 300,000 sq km. It is composed of sands of alluvial, marine, or eolian origin overlying ancient sandstones that emerge on the surface in some places. Overgrown sand ridges and parabolic and oar-shaped dunes predominate, and barchans are also encountered. Human activities were responsible, in part, for the further growth of the desert. The climate is tropical, and annual precipitation, most of which falls during the summer monsoon season, varies from 90 mm in the west to 200 mm in the east. Dust storms are frequent.

Small lakes, salt marshes, and takyrs are found in the depressions between sand ridges. There is abundant subterranean water, which is saline in some areas. The sparse vegetation consists of psammophilic shrubs (Leptadenia pirotechnica, Capparis, Calligonum) and occasional acacias and coarse grasses. There is grazing of livestock, and irrigation agriculture is practiced in the oases and in the Indus valley.

References in periodicals archive ?
Exploration of Thar Coal is opening a new chapter in the energy history of Pakistan and PPIB has been quite successful in implementing seven thar coal based power projects of 5,000 MW which are at different stages of development, he added.
The first ever two-day Thar Science Festival which began on Wednesday in Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Cultural Complex in Mithi, the capital of Tharparkar District in Sindh province, was organised by Thar Education Alliance (TEA) in collaboration with Alif Ailan and other organisations working in Thar.
The school has been sponsored by Thal Nova Thar Power Company Limited.
The cyclones that have been delivered are particularly important core components of CFB boilers and help to effectively recirculate combustion exhaust gas (flue gas) to ensure the reliable, slow and complete combustion of difficult-to-burn fuels such as the high moisture lignite coal found in Thar.
Sindh Engro Coal Mining Co was established in 2009 as a joint venture between Government of Sindh and Engro Powergen Ltd (EPL) with primary objective of making effective use of ample Thar coal to meet Pakistan's power needs, spur economic development and bring energy security to the country, the company says in one of its presentations.
Thar Pharmaceuticals focuses on developing and commercialising a pipeline of oral therapies for serious and life threatening conditions.
The federal government is also working on a transmission line to link power generation plants from Thar coal with the national grid, he added.
The organizers of the festival, apparently people's leaders, including Pakistan People's Party Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari and Co-chairman Asif Ali Zardari, were oblivious of the grim situation in Thar district in the same province.
Realistically, the Thar is a completely different vehicle from the Jeep, but they are similar on two major fronts - design and concept.
For the sake of measurements, a single ton of coal can produce one barrel of diesel and so the Thar coal can produce 175000 million barrels of diesel, this ample amount of oil is more than the collective oil of Saudi Arabia, Iran and Middle East countries.