Thaton


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thaton

 

a city in southern Burma in the Tenasserim (Taninthayi) Region. A major center of the Mon civilization.

Thaton was founded in the first centuries of the Common Era. By the middle of the first millennium, it had become one of Southeast Asia’s leading ports on the route from India to the Far East. By the tenth century, Thaton, then one of the most important Mon cities in southern Burma, became the capital of the united Mon state of Ramanna Desa. In the 11th century, the city was captured and plundered by the Burmese king Anawrahta. Many of the Mons taken into captivity at that time were moved to the Burmese state of Pagan.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The walled cities of Thaton, Wei Di and Tanintharyi are more immediate geographically, politically and culturally for understanding the form of Mokti.
The closest parallel is the much larger (269 ha) site of Thaton in Mon State, where votive tablets and sculptures spanning the mid-first to mid-second millennium CE have been documented (Moore and San Win 2007, pp.
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Born early in the eleventh century, he began as the ruler of the small state of Pagan on the central Irrawaddy (1044); a vigorous and effective general and a skillful politician, he brought all the states of the central Irrawaddy under his control, and went on to annex Arakan and Lower Burma (1044-1056); conquered the Mon kingdom of Thaton (1057); conducted several punitive expeditions into the Shan (Tai) states to the east, possibly raiding as far as the Chao Phraya Valley of modern Thailand; still plagued by Shan raids, he built a line of forts along his eastern frontier to guard against them; he was killed by a wild buffalo at the gates of Pagan as he returned from one of his forays.