E assim, por exemplo, que em "Gargantua e Pantagruel" Rabelais esboca uma satira dos otimismos utopicos de Morus, ridicularizando os personagens de Babedec, filha do rei Amauretas da Ilha das Utopias, e Thaumaste
, um sabio ingles, referencia direta ao proprio Morus.
Panurge then goes on to best the Englishman Thaumaste in a farcical performance before turning his attention to the haute dame de Paris.
After defeating the famed English scholar Thaumaste he has become famous, and as the text says, "il devint glorieux" (Pantagruel 21:291), "glorieux" in this instance meaning proud or vainglorious.
(12) For a literary precursor, see Chapter 19 of Pantagruel, in which Panurge disputes farcically with Thaumaste
: Tanurge soubdain leva en fair la main dextre' (Francois Rabelais, (E'uvres completes, annot.
For Randall, the critique of empty scholastic debates (Baisecul and Humevesne, Thaumaste
and Panurge) is not based on the realization that no universal truths can be attained through linguistic and non-linguistic representation; instead, patient investigation of what unites conventional languages beyond their differences might reveal something like a natural language or law.
Humiliation is often sexual, as in Panurge's series of practical jokes in Pantagruel, 16, or the bestial come-uppance given to the Haute dame de Paris in Pantagruel, 21-22; or scatological, as the discomfiture of the Ecolier limousin (Pantagruel, 6) or Thaumaste
(Pantagruel, 19) demonstrates.
episode, Gauna avers, exemplifies Rabelais's semi-sympathetic struggle with the magus tradition he will later espouse.
Mercury, for instance, is also the great deceiver, and Martin finds him anew within the 'chapelle' of Apollo: the triumph of Panurge over Thaumaste
is summarized as 'Apollon, dieu de la raison, vaincu par Hermes, dieu de l'artifice' (p.
The counting would provide the actor with the chance to indulge in comic or obscene finger play such as that described by Rabelais in Panurge's sign language debate with Thaumaste
: for example, 'puis de la dextre, estendoit le doigt indice et le meillieu, les esloignant le mieulx qu'il povoit, et les tirant vers Thaumaste