The Accused

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Accused, The


a person held criminally responsible in the manner prescribed by law. Under Soviet law a person is deemed accused from the moment that a decree has been rendered stating the accusation, with an indication of the circumstances of the crime with which the accused is being charged and with a reference to the appropriate criminal law. The accused has extensive rights in defending himself against the accusation. He may give testimony, submit petitions, present evidence, become acquainted with the materials of the case, make challenges, submit appeals, and use his native language during the investigation and court hearing. Investigative agencies must create the conditions necessary to protect the rights of the accused. These agencies have a right to apply measures of restraint and to take other steps to establish the truth.

From the moment that the investigation ends or, in instances provided for by law, from the moment that the accusation is presented, the accused is permitted to have a defense counsel. In cases involving minors and other persons who are unable to exercise fully their procedural rights, the accused’s legal representatives participate in the case along with him.

When the accused is brought to trial he is called a prisoner, and if he is found guilty by the court he becomes a convicted person.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, he said the prosecution had once attempted to charge the accused persons with the same offences, but the court ruled against that on grounds that the charges were incompetent.
The court adjourned the hearing till September 2 while issuing perpetual arrest warrants for the accused who are on the run.
The law officer told the court the finger prints and head hair of the accused were recovered from murder scene.
In his statement recorded under Section 342 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the accused denied the allegations.
At the outset of hearing, the FIA officials said that the Agency had recovered a 4 GB device from the accused and submitted it for forensic report.
Meanwhile, the accused put petrol on verandah chicks and set these on fire.
The prosecution had told the court that the accused escaped from lawful custody when investigations revealed that he was part of the gang that kidnapped the three Takoradi girls.
The accused confessed to have killed Head constable Zahid Hussain and constable Maqsood Masih in an attack in the locality while also killed other persons in Sachal locality.
The Magistrate, Mrs B.O Osunsanmi, grated the accused bail in the sum of N100, 000 with two sureties in like sum.
When accosted, the accused was already holding a .38 caliber revolver, and fired it towards one of the officers.
FIA arrested three accused Ahmed Javaid, Qasim and Hamza, as the accused were involved in sending the local people to Saudi Arabia for performing Umera under the Sasta Umera Packages being offered by the accused after getting money from the people illegally.
Under the Trial Judgment dated 16 June 2017 the Accused Goran JovanoviA if found guilty of the criminal offense of Organized Crime under Article 250(2) of the CC BiH in conjunction with the criminal offense of Money Laundering under Article 209(1) of the CC BiH, while the accused Alen JahiA was found guilty of the criminal offense of Organized Crime under Article 250(2) of the CC BiH in conjunction with the criminal offense of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs under Article 195(1) of the CC BiH.