Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,

collective name given several English monastic chronicles in Anglo-Saxon, all stemming from a compilation made from old annals and other sources c.891. Although the work was thought for some time to have been commissioned by King AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
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, there is no positive evidence to substantiate this claim; his encouragement of learning, however, undoubtedly inspired the compilation of the chronicle. The original chronicle was later edited with additions, omissions, and continuations by monks in various monasteries. The four chronicles recognized as distinct are called the Winchester Chronicle, the Abingdon Chronicle, the Worcester Chronicle, and the Peterborough Chronicle.

The account begins with the start of the Christian era and extends to 1154. Much of the very early material is drawn from BedeBede, Saint
, or Baeda
(St. Bede the Venerable), 673?–735, English historian and Benedictine monk, Doctor of the Church, also called the Venerable Bede. He spent his whole life at the monasteries of Wearmouth (at Sunderland) and Jarrow and became probably the
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's history. From the period of the wars between Saxons and Danes onward, most of the annals are original and are the sole source for information about certain events. The writing is generally in sparse prose, but some poems are inserted, notably the stirring "Battle of Brunanburh" (see BrunanburhBrunanburh, battle of
, A.D. 937, a victory won by Athelstan, king of the English, over a coalition of Irish, Scots, and Britons (or Welsh) of Strathclyde. The site of the battle is not known. The battle is celebrated in a poem in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
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).

Bibliography

See C. Plummer, ed., Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel (1892–99); D. Whitelock et al., ed., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1962); C. Clark, ed., The Peterborough Chronicle (2d ed. 1970); G. N. Farmonsway, ed. and tr. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1978).

References in periodicals archive ?
In The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the entries for AEthelred's reign are pervaded with instances in which the English defense efforts are undermined by hlafordswice, by men turning their backs on their lord or their king, and fleeing to save their lives.
The writing of Bede, based at Jarrow, particularly his History of the English Speaking Peoples (HE) (AD 731) provides a useful and contemporary record of key locations in the political and ecclesiastical geography of Northumbria; many sites are also recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and a number of other Anglo-Saxon texts, such as Bede's Prose Life of St Cuthbert (Colgrave 1940).
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is one of the most famous literary documents ever.
The main sources that Bueno Alonso uses in his account are manuscripts A and E of The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (the Parker and Laud chronicles), as well as the classical handbooks by Stenton (1943), Blair (1956), Campbell et al.
Guidebooks relate that the city took its name from two Old English words meaning "Boggy Water", and the name is first mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle when King Edmund sailed up a creek of the Mersey and discovered "Muddy Pools", who went on to become one of the greatest blues guitarists of the 9th century.
As one who has himself been seduced by the allure of narrative sources, even when they may not suit the task at hand, this reviewer appreciates Giandrea's attempts to do the harder work of sifting through the evidence offered by more prosaic sources, including various liturgies, wills, charters, writs, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
Indeed, the author contends that, because Alfred himself exercised great control over the documents that form the basis of his legend, such as Asset's Life of Alfred and The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the "genuine" and the "mythical" Alfred are so intertwined that they cannot completely be separated.
The account in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle also simplifies the history of pre-and early Anglo-Saxon Britain, but contrasts with Bede's treatment in that it draws attention to the violence of the Anglo-Saxon conquest, which comes across as a brutal process.
The same distinction was maintained in the Northern Version of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which began with a preface repeating Bede's account of the dimensions of Britain, and went on to explain that 'the Picts went and took possession of the northern part of the island; and the Britons had the southern part.
The words come from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and refer to the days of Ethelred the Unready exactly 1,000 years ago.
One of his local "finds" was the Welsh monk, Asser, to whom we owe most of the details of Alfred's life, as set down in his contribution to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
The earliest record of a flood in London, dated 1099, comes from The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a record of events in Britain in the Middle Ages.