The Aurora


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Aurora, The

 

a Baltic fleet cruiser which became famous for its participation in the Great October Socialist Revolution. Entered service, 1903; displacement, 6,731 tons; speed, 20 knots; armaments, 8–152 mm, 24–75 mm, and 8–37 mm guns; crew, 578.

During the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05, the Aurora participated in the Battle of Tsushima (1905). The Aurora was in Petrograd during the February Revolution; on Feb. 28 (Mar. 13), 1917, the crew rebelled and seized control of the ship. During the October armed uprising, on the night of Oct. 24 (Nov. 6), 1917, the Aurora moved up to the Nikolaevskii (now, the Lieutenant Shmidt) Bridge on orders of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee. A party from the Aurora, led by Commissar A. V. Belyshev, seized the bridge, thereby ensuring the passage of Red Guard detachments from Vasil’evskii Island to the center of the city. At 9:45 P.M. on Oct. 25 (Nov. 7), the Aurora gave the signal for the storming of the Winter Palace by firing’ a blank; a landing party from the Aurora participated directly in the armed uprising.

On Nov. 2, 1927, the Aurora was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for its revolutionary services, and on Nov. 17, 1948, it was permanently moored on the Neva as a monument to the Great October Socialist Revolution. It also serves as a training ship for the Leningrad Nakhimo Naval School. In 1957 a branch of the Central Naval Museum was created on the Aurora. On Feb. 22, 1968, the cruiser was awarded the Order of the October Revolution.

REFERENCES

Pronin, M. P. Legendarnyi kreiser, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1960.
Kuleshov, I. M., and B. V. Burkovskii. Kreiser “Avrora.” Leningrad, 1962.
References in classic literature ?
The gang-plank was hauled in, and the Aurora swang out from the bank.
Any overheated motor may of course "seize" without warning; but so many complaints have reached us of accidents similar to yours while shooting the Aurora that we are inclined to believe with Lavalle that the upper strata of the Aurora Borealis are practically one big electric "leak," and that the paralysis of your engines was due to complete magnetization of all metallic parts.
I am going down the river; and if I should see anything of the Aurora I shall let him know that you are uneasy.
I would engage a launch and go down the river on the track of the Aurora.
I want to find the whereabouts of a steam launch called the Aurora, owner Mordecai Smith, black with two red streaks, funnel black with a white band.
We cannot pick up the broken trail until we find either the Aurora or Mr.
The stars leaped and danced in the frosty air, and overhead the colored bars of the aurora borealis were shooting like great searchlights.
Though the aurora still flamed, another day had begun.
There then came a whole regiment of snow-flakes, but they did not fall from above, and they were quite bright and shining from the Aurora Borealis.
It was the aurora borealis of the frozen pole exiled to a summer land!
It's no alien invasion--it's an awesome display called the aurora borealis, or northern lights.
Maybe we'll do another one from the Aurora wing in New Mexico, from beyond heaven.

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