Balearic Islands

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Related to The Balearics: Balearen, Islas Baleares, Illes Balears

Balearic Islands

(bălēăr`ĭk), Span. Baleares (bälāä`rās), archipelago, off Spain, in the W Mediterranean, forming Baleares prov. (1990 pop. 767,918) of Spain; also an autonomous community since 1983. Palma is the capital. The chief islands are Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza. Noted for their scenery and their mild climate, the Balearics are a major tourist destination. After tourism, agriculture and fishing are the chief economic activities; fruit, wine, olive oil, majolica ware, and silver filigree are exported. Both Catalan and Castilian Spanish are spoken. Inhabited since prehistoric times—there are numerous Cyclopean remains—the islands were occupied by Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines. The Moors, who first came in the 8th cent., established (11th cent.) an independent kingdom, which became the seat of powerful pirates, harassing Mediterranean coastal cities and trade. James I of Aragón conquered (1229–35) the islands. They were included (1276–1343) in the independent kingdom of Majorca and reverted to the Aragonese crown under Peter IV. At the outbreak of the Spanish civil war (1936), Majorca and Ibiza were seized by Insurgent forces—Majorca becoming a base of the Italian fleet—while Minorca remained in the hands of the Loyalists until 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
The smallest island of the Balearics has retained much of its boho-chic style that evolved during the 1960s when it was the go-to retreat for artists and musicians like Joni Mitchell.
Boasting more than 300 days of sunshine and miles of coastline and secluded coves, millions of visitors are lured to the Balearic Islands year after year.
The second largest of the Balearic Islands, it boasts more beaches that the rest of the Balearics put together.
As the central government is also considering the potential of drilling for oil and gas offshore the Mediterranean archipelago, the Canary President has also raised his concerns over the preferential treatment he says the Balearic Islands are getting over the Canaries.
Here we put the spotlight on Majorca and Menorca: MAJORCA Package tourism on the largest of the Balearics began in 1952 and Brits have been flocking there ever since.
BRITS are heading away from mainland Spain and making a beeline for the Balearics in their quest for a holiday home.
A spokeswoman for the Balearic Institute of Tourism said a deal was signed last night in Palma between the unions.
But, as long as the system has broken down, it is the Balearic islands' tourists, including 15,000 Scots, who are suffering.
The policy of openness adopted by Morocco and the reforms initiated by the government make the country a great destination for foreign investors, including the Balearics, added Mr.
He said: "More than 100,000 Brits will be in the Balearics this weekend and that could mean very congested airport terminals due to delayed flights.
Around 3.5million Britons are expected to holiday in the Balearics this year - but the islands, particularly Majorca, are at near saturation point with visitors.
Around two million Britons go to the Balearics every summer but brochure prices for next year are already reflecting the increases, with a holiday for a family of four going up from pounds 700 to pounds 820.