Boston Tea Party

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Boston Tea Party,

1773. In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend ActsTownshend Acts,
1767, originated by Charles Townshend and passed by the English Parliament shortly after the repeal of the Stamp Act. They were designed to collect revenue from the colonists in America by putting customs duties on imports of glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
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, had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India CompanyEast India Company, British,
1600–1874, company chartered by Queen Elizabeth I for trade with Asia. The original object of the group of merchants involved was to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade with the East Indies.
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. The colonists tried to prevent the consignees from accepting taxed tea and were successful in New York and Philadelphia. At Charleston the tea was landed but was held in government warehouses. At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas HutchinsonHutchinson, Thomas,
1711–80, colonial governor of Massachusetts (1771–74) and historian, b. Boston. A descendant of Anne Hutchinson, he was a man of wealth and prominence, of learning, and of notable integrity.
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 refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties. A group of indignant colonists, led by Samuel AdamsAdams, Samuel,
1722–1803, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Boston, Mass.; second cousin of John Adams. An unsuccessful businessman, he became interested in politics and was a member (1765–74) and clerk
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, Paul RevereRevere, Paul,
1735–1818, American silversmith and political leader in the American Revolution, b. Boston. In his father's smithy he learned to work gold and silver, and he became a leading silversmith of New England.
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, and others, disguised themselves as Native Americans, boarded the ships on the night of Dec. 16, 1773, and threw the tea into the harbor. In reply Parliament passed the Boston Port Bill (see Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts,
name given by American patriots to five laws (including the Quebec Act) adopted by Parliament in 1774, which limited the political and geographical freedom of the colonists.
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).

Bibliography

See studies by B. W. Labaree (1964) and B. L. Carp (2010).

Boston Tea Party

irate colonists, dressed as Indians, pillage three British ships (1773). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 58, 495]

Boston Tea Party

colonists rioted against tea tax (1773). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 341]
See: Riot
References in periodicals archive ?
OPEN TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC (Ticket holders have access to a reserved viewing area on the Harborwalk) Destruction of the Tea at the Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum - 306 Congress St.
The Boston Tea Party was a 1773 protest against a government-Britain's Parliament--that imposed taxes and other policies on American colonists without allowing them a vote or voice in the decision-making process.
This collection of 15 short stories would be a useful resource for teachers of grades 1-8 whose social studies curriculum covers the time period from the Boston Tea Party to the inauguration of George Washington.
There is space here for only one entry to be reviewed in detail: "A Shoemaker and the Boston Tea Party.
Regarding the matter of proposed use of governmental funds to provide financial support for religious schools: perhaps it's time we began to think in terms of the Boston Tea Party.
Direct-action groups trace their philosophies of nonviolence to the civil rights movement, Mahatma Gandhi's teachings and even to the Boston Tea Party, although their style of protest is distinctly modern.
The Boston Tea Party, the eccentricity of tango tea dances, tea gowns, clipper races, smuggling, high teas, afternoon teas, tea at breakfast, and unusual tea wares all make their appearance in the story.
Remember that this is the town that brought us the Boston Tea Party, the title of the article is, "Canada stills bears imprint of Revolution-era Loyalists.
As a matter of fact, the Boston Tea Party could just have easily been the Boston Beer Party.
Chuck D's act of defiance will eventually be seen as mighty as the Boston Tea Party, and this is what scares the music industry most.
At the Boston Tea Party Museum, you hear how pounds 500,000 worth of tea was tipped into Boston Harbour in protest against British-imposed taxes.
The best way to see its treasures is on foot and you can explore 16 historical park sites, connected by the Freedom Trail that takes in the site of the Boston Tea Party.