The Faeroes

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Faeroes, The

 

an archipelago in the northeastern part of the Atlantic Ocean; part of Denmark. The Faeroes, which include more than 20 volcanic islands, have an area of about 1,400 sq km. The main islands are Strømø, Østerø, and Suderø. Population, 40,000(1975).

The islands are composed primarily of basalt lavas and tuffs that form a plateau, over which pointed ridges rise. The highest elevation is 882 m, at Mount Slaetaratindur. The coasts, which are steep and precipitous, are cut by numerous fiords. Glacial landforms include moraines, glacial troughs, and cirque lakes. The climate is oceanic. The average temperature in February is about 4°C, and in July, about 11°C. Annual precipitation exceeds 1,500 mm; fogs are frequent.

The islands are dominated by meadows, heaths, and peat bogs; pine forests have been planted in places. Mosses and lichens grow on the cliffs. Bird life is abundant and diverse, with more than 200 species. The coastal shallows teem with cod, halibut, and herring. The principal occupations of the population are fishing and sheep raising. The city of Tórshavn is the administrative center.

Celtic tribes lived on the Faeroes in the seventh to ninth centuries. Norwegian Vikings began settling the islands in the late ninth century. In 1035 the islands became a nominal Norwegian fief, and in 1380, after the union of Denmark and Norway, they became part of the Danish state. Elements of autonomy were retained until 1816.

In 1940, during World War II, the islands were occupied by British troops. A plebiscite held in September 1946 to decide the status of the Faeroes within Denmark left the problem unresolved. In March 1948 the Danish Rigsdag passed a law granting the islands self-government.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Naval Group Command North suggested to Lutjens that he execute the breakout between Iceland and the Faeroes because those waters were ice-free.
This 30-year-old bird has probably flown tens of thousands of miles to Iceland or the Faeroes and back each year.
Known in Norwegian historiography as 'Norgesveldet,' the realm consisted of the mainland Norwegian kingdom and a range of island communities at Scotland's northern and western seaboards, as well as the Faeroes, Iceland, and Greenland.
The two best places to fully experience the total solar eclipse are the Faeroes, where the moon covers the sun completely for 2 minutes 45 seconds, and Svalbard, more than 800 kilometers (500 miles) north of the Norwegian mainland, where it will be 15 seconds shorter.
"We want to protect the whales, not fight the Faeroes," the former "Baywatch" star told a news conference.
be donating to charity his fee for signing for Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Twelve; 2 Nepal; 3 South African; 4 The Faeroes; 5 Mars; 6 Fats Domino; 7 Paris-Saint-Germain; 8 Chintz; 9 Peter; 10 In the bloodstream.
Ideology and power in the Viking and Middle Ages; Scandinavia, Iceland, Ireland, Orkney and the Faeroes.
DIE FERNEN INSELN is not a travelogue in the classic sense of the word; rather, it is a poetic and dreamlike conjuration of the European North Atlantic islands Iceland, the Faeroes, and, to a lesser extent, Greenland.
Switzerland, Israel, Cyprus and the Faeroes make up the rest of the group facing the Irish.
After the Faeroes game he lamented because Celtic and Rangers were stuffed with imports and youngsters were no longer developing their skills in the parks.
The Cold War relics, reverted to trawlers, catch thousands of young salmon en route to their feeding grounds off the Faeroes and Greenland.