Golan Heights

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Golan Heights,

strategic upland region (2003 est. pop. 10,500), c.500 sq mi (1,250 sq km), SW Syria. It borders S Lebanon, NE Israel, and NW Jordan. It takes its name from the ancient city of GolanGolan
, in the Bible, refuge city, located in the tribal territory of Manasseh E of the Jordan; it was also a levitical city. Golan gives its name to the rocky plateau known as the Golan Heights.
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 and was known as Gaulanitis in New Testament times. It is a rocky plateau overlooking Israel where elevations range from c.6,500 ft (2,000 m) in the north to below sea level along the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias) and the Yarmuk River in the south. The Golan Heights were fortified and used for artillery attacks on Israel after 1948. The region was captured by Israel during the Six-Day War in 1967 (see Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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) and formally annexed by Israel in 1981, an act that was not recognized internationally (except for the United States in 2019 under the Trump administration). A number of Israeli settlements have been established in the area; the region has become an important source of water for Israel. Ultimate control of the Golan Heights has been a stumbling block to Israeli-Syrian peace talks.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Two, after 50 years, the time has come for the international community to finally recognize that the Golan Heights will remain under Israel's sovereignty permanently."
"We will fulfill our commitments with the UN and our peacekeepers will complete their tour of duty in the Golan Heights in October," he said.
"We cannot and shall not allow the Golan Heights to become a comfort zone for Assad," he said.
Morimoto told a news conference that neither the Japanese SDF team nor UNDOF troops are under risk of attack, but said he would carefully look at the situation in the Golan Heights, noting that tensions are mounting there.
In addition to its military importance, the Golan Heights controls a large portion of water in the Jordan River watershed, which provides about 15 per cent of IsraelAEs water supply.
"This US statement does not change anything in the status of the Golan Heights. The Golan is a piece of occupied Syrian territory ...
Israel occupied the Golan Heights, a mountainous region of southwest Syria, along with the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and the Sinai Peninsula during the June 1967 war.
Israel occupied the Golan Heights in 1967 following its victory over the Egyptian and Syrian militaries.
Ambassador to Israel David Friedman believes that the Golan Heights will remain under Israeli sovereignty, and certainly won't be placed back in the hands of Syria's current leader, President Bashar Assad.
Israel occupied the Golan Heights in the June 1967 war.
Fighters from the Nusra Front captured the Fijian soldiers in late August in the Golan Heights, where a 1,200-strong U.N.