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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an archipelago, part of Great Britain, in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Scotland and comprising approximately 500 islands, of which about 100 are inhabited. Total area, 7,500 sq km.

The Outer Hebrides are separated from the Inner Hebrides by the straits of The Minch and the Little Minch and by the Sea of the Hebrides. The Inner Hebrides include the islands of Skye, Mull, Islay, Jura, and Rum. The terrain consists mainly of rugged hilly and low mountain country (200-600 m), typically of Cenozoic effusive rock. On the islands of Skye and Mull individual cone-shaped peaks rise above the volcanic plateaus—for example, in the Cuillin Hills on Skye, which reach 1,009 m. In the Outer Hebrides, which include the islands of Lewis, North Uist, South Uist, and Barra, socle lowlands predominate (100-150 m), consisting primarily of Archaean rock (mostly gneiss). In some places there are small massifs rising to a height of 799 m and often containing Paleozoic intrusions. There are many traces of the Pleistocene glaciation, such as troughs, cirques and boulder belts. The islands have a damp maritime climate with average July temperatures of 12°-14° C and average January temperatures of 4°-6° C; annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 2,000 mm. The meadow soils consist of coarse humic and peaty turf. Steep, bare slopes are the rule, but now and then birch groves and heath may be seen, and peat bogs cover the gentler slopes. The population is engaged mainly in fishing and cattle breeding. Tweed manufacture and the tourist industry are also important.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"People forget how big Scotland is and how big Uist is never mind the rest of the Hebrides. So if all the salmon fish farms in Scotland were put together the total area would be equivalent to two golf courses.'' The industry is still relatively new, having started in the late 1970s, and has been determined to improve its performance to ensure that the public understands this level of husbandry and the nutritional benefits.
In the Hebrides, both the land and sea are formidable.
Defence Minister Quentin Davies said: "I know that this will be very disappointing news for the staff at our ranges, and I do not under-estimate the impact these proposals and job losses will have on the Hebrides community, especially in the current recession.
Colonsay lies in the Hebrides, 15 miles south of Mull, and is one of the most remote communities in the United Kingdom.
Samuel Johnson and Sir Joshua Reynolds, as well as the manuscripts of The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL.D., and Boswell's private journals.
The new PS1.3 million facility is already reaping great dividends, with Harris an essential link in the chain of emerging sailing facilities on Scotland's west coast, allowing the yachting fraternity to explore the Hebrides on an islandhopping voyage with sheltered overnight berthing.
Discover the roots of the astronauts who flew to the moon Head for the Hebrides with the July issue of The Scots Magazine.
The Swede - who had first heard of the Hebrides on weather forecasts as a child - fell in love with the life and the people of the islands and captured them in a series of striking black-and-white photographs.
A DISPERSAL of Holstein dairy cattle hailing from the Hebrides attracted buyers from all over the British Isles when they went under the hammer in Cumbria.
Science teacher Jon Hall has won a trip to study basking sharks off the Hebrides in August Picture: ROBERT PARRY JONES
For the first time Moray and Shetland youngsters joined those from the Hebrides at a major event.