The Inhumans

The Inhumans

(pop culture)

Like so many Marvel Comics characters, the In-humans were a creation of writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby, first appearing in a late 1965 issue of The Fantastic Four (#45). In fact, one of the Inhumans—Medusa—had been featured in the comic several months earlier as one of a motley group of villains called the Frightful Four, though her criminal career was short-lived. The Inhumans themselves were a carnival-show collection of strange-looking people unlike any other superteam. Their origin was revealed in several later issues of Thor, which described how, centuries ago, a force from the all-conquering Kree Empire had visited Earth and genetically engineered a hybrid human/alien race. Over the years, these had evolved and mutated, far from the gaze of humankind, before they came out of hiding in the 1960s.

The Inhumans were probably several thousand in number and lived in isolation in the ultramodern city of Attilan, hidden deep in the Himalayas (or Andes or Alps, depending on how good the writer’s memory was!). The small group that ventured into the outside world were, in fact, the Royal Family, a powerful and fancifully garbed collection of uniquely mutated individuals. Their leader and king was Black Bolt, who could control molecular motion (whatever that meant) and whose voice could destroy everything in earshot with the merest whisper. Needless to say, he did not speak very often and conveyed his wishes through future wife, Medusa, who could control her incredibly long, animated, red hair. Other members of the group were the grotesque Gorgon, who could cause earthquakes with a stamp of his cloven hoof; diminutive martial-arts expert Karnak; scale-covered amphibian Triton; and the winsome young Crystal, who could control the elements.

Crystal soon fell for the fresh-faced charms of the Human Torch, and when the Invisible Girl went on a seemingly interminable maternity leave, Crystal took her place in the Fantastic Four (FF). Crystal could whiz back and forth between the two groups with the help of her colossal, tele-porting pet bulldog Lockjaw. In time, after the Invisible Girl left again (not for another baby but a marital separation), Crystal ran off with the Avenger Quicksilver, and Medusa briefly became an FF member in what was clearly a sort of job-share scheme for superheroes. The Inhumans, as a whole, regularly guest-starred in Fantastic Four and other comics (notably The Hulk) and in 1970 finally got their own feature in Amazing Adventures—though it only lasted ten issues. In the mid-1970s, they were given their own comic, but that survived for only twelve issues. Both attempts were well crafted, with an interesting mixture of radical Black Power politics (in Amazing Adventures), alien intrigue (in the 1975 Inhumans comic), and entertaining villains such as the Mandarin and Blastaar, yet neither venture proved popular enough to continue.

Perhaps the problems with the Inhumans were their outlandish appearance and somewhat detached personalities, or it might have been that they were mostly fighting a single enemy: Black Bolt’s evil-genius brother, Maximus (in full, Maximus the Mad—which rather gave the game away). Maximus seemed to dedicate himself to overthrowing Black Bolt and the ruling Inhumans, who were endlessly taken in by him: “Oh no, he has betrayed us again!” However, following a lengthy fallow period, the Inhumans enjoyed something of a revival in the 1990s, with several specials and graphic novels, along with a self-titled series under the Marvel Knights imprint in 1999. This series saw the group under siege from humankind, while the following year’s miniseries featured the return of the Kree. The story culminated with the massed Inhumans deciding to stay in Attilan, now in the “blue area” of the moon, and banish the Royal Family to Earth. But the Royal Family returned to Attilan relatively quickly.

The Inhumans discovered that the alien shapeshifting Skrulls had taken Black Bolt prisoner and substituted a Skrull impostor in his place. In Secret Invasion: War of Kings (2009), the Inhumans turn Attilan into a massive starship, travel into outer space, and destroy Skrull warships. They then invade Hala, capital of the Kree empire, where the Royal Family confronts the Kree’s ruler, Ronan the Accuser. Then in the miniseries War of Kings (2009), the Inhumans unite with the Kree empire, a bargain sealed by the marriage of Crystal and Ronan. Then, another interstellar empire, the Shi’ar, led by Vulcan, attacks. Black Bolt and Vulcan seemingly perish in an explosion that cripples the Shi’ar spacefleet, ending the war. But it is unlikely that Black Bolt is truly dead, and he will surely return. —DAR & PS

The Superhero Book: The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Comic-Book Icons and Hollywood Heroes © 2012 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Inhumans are an alien race with superpowers whose royal family is overthrown in a military coup.
The season finale showed the fall of Attilan, and the Inhumans decided to start new lives on Earth.
The Inhumans could easily show up on "Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D." once the secret agents get back to earth.
The Inhumans are an ancient race of mutants who have secluded themselves on the moon, where much of the action in the pilot takes place.
Considered by some as Marvel Studios' attempt at replacing the X-Men, whose film rights belong to 20th Century Fox, the Inhumans have that potential to be the constantly growing film universe's premier misfit heroes-too bad, though, that its translation is too contrived and rushed.
It has a promising premise: The realm of the Inhumans, Attilan, is invisible on the surface of the moon.
In this case, we may most concretely track Kirby's interest in biopolitical systems to the creation of the Inhumans, a species of moon-dwelling super-beings who are subjected to genetic manipulation at the hands of the alien race known as the Kree and subsequently become invested in a program of genetic self-augmentation.
While the political status of the Inhumans has endured a series of permutations too numerous to count in this paper, their standing within the Marvel Universe has experienced its most substantive shift within the past two years.
The Inhumans, created in the 1960s, are seen as the Marvel Cinematic Universe replacements for the mutant X-Men, whose live-action film rights are with 20th Century Fox.
The Inhumans made their comics debut 50 years ago, so little wonder Marvel TV are increasing their presence on the small screen ahead of their big-screen debut.
In addition, building upon his notion of the inhuman artist, as a kind of redeemer of the 'destitute times' of the traditional present, I view Miller's literary-artistic journey as that of transcendental passing over from human to inhuman, from traditional to full present.
The notion of the inhuman, in its Miller-specific meaning, finds its first "doctrinal" expression in Tropic of Cancer.

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